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  • Interpretations of Entropy

    On the other hand, Shannon considers positive information that is produced in message transmission as entropy. Conversely, there is one more interpretation given to the term which is very much opposed to the former. Brillouin associates entropy with a deficiency of information. This can also be stated as uncertainty and doubt and something which cannot be predicted. Ignorance is also one part of the mentioned interpretation of Brillouin. In addition, finally, there are some authors and theorists who consider freedom as entropy. freedom to evolve from one state to the other (Brissaud, pp. 69-70, 2005).Entropy is, basically, a fundamental and core value of modern physics that could be easily linked…

  • DNA is the most important for life

    This essay argues the DNA is the most important molecule for life. Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA is a nucleic molecule that functions as one of the most central aspects of living organisms. Contained within DNA are the fundamental aspects of all living things. in these regards, DNA functions as a sort of encyclopedic instruction manual for all elements within the human genetic system. Another way of viewing DNA is as a blueprint for the living organism. When new components, including RNA or proteins need to be constructed, it is the DNA that determines how these elements will be constituted. Figure 1 below demonstrates the basic DNA genetic components. It’s for…

  • Plasmid analysis

    The blue plasmid DNA did not contain any of the restriction sites for Hind III or Sac I. Introduction Plasmids are the extra chromosomal DNA molecules which are mostly double –stranded, circular and covalently closed molecules, varying in size from 1 kb to 200 kb. (Sambrook and Russell 2001). They are found in many bacterial species. They replicate independently and use a variety of mechanisms to maintain their copy number. They contain the gene codes for the enzymes that are important for the bacterial hosts. The plasmids act as vectors in the molecular biology experiments. The vectors are the carrier DNA molecules into which the foreign gene of interest is…

  • Biology for General Ed

    Biology for General Education Introduction Biology is basically the study of life. (Carter, 2004) Since living things around us exists in the form of plants, animals, or insects. the study of biology branched out to other related subject such as: botany, zoology, and entomology.As a biologist, being a good observer is one of the most important characteristic necessary in the study of Biology. Aiming to test the researcher’s ability to perform a keen observation, the researcher will visit a garden which is located near the area where she lives. In the process, the researcher will discuss every single living thing that can be found in the garden and eventually develop…

  • Science Questions

    Living systems in a region may contain wetlands, prairies, coral reefs, rainforests, tundra, or the canopy of an old growth forest. Ecosystem services would comprise the capability of nature to assimilate waste, turn sunlight into edible plants, and create oxygen.With in this natural source we can be able to come up of a natural income. There are lots of natural capitals that can be a source of natural income. An example of natural capital is the water get from springs which are then processed and purified and be sold as mineral or distilled water. This kind of natural capital and natural income can be able to sustain resource by preserving…

  • Personal College Admission

    Personal College Admission The high school senior year is the time when more focused thought is normally given on what additional knowledge and skill sets are desirable, and where to acquire them from. I have given serious thought to this, ending up in the decision to acquire more knowledge and skills in physical therapy to enhance my opportunities in a career in this field. Hence, the decision to undertake a pre-physical therapy study program as a stepping stone to majoring in physical therapy. My experience of physical therapy started with what I saw during the illness of my grandfather and how he benefited from physical therapy to lead a more…

  • Measures of Dispersion

    Measure of Dispersion Question Source: Harris amp. Taylor 2009] Scenario: A group of patients enrolling for a trial had a normal distribution for weight. The mean weight of the patients was 80 kg. For this group, the standard deviation (SD) was calculated to be 5 kg.a) Calculate the value for 1 SD below the mean weight of 80 kg.Mean – 1(SD) = 80 – 5 = 75 kgb) Calculate the value for 1 SD above the mean weight of 80 kg.Mean + 1(SD) = 80 + 5 = 85 kgc) Since 68.2% of the subjects will be included in ±1 SD, state the weight range for 68.2% of the patients.The…

  • Biology and Deviance

    Alcoholism and Genetic Link Alcoholism is a behavior with both environmental and genetic association. Many researchers have demonstrated a genetic link with alcoholism but still no one is able to identify the exact gene responsible for development of this behavior. This paper summarizes one research by Subhash Pandey and other colleagues regarding association of one anxiety prone gene and alcoholism.The main focus of this experimental study was CREB gene. This gene codes for Cyclic AMP Responsive Element Binding (CREB) protein. It was hypothesized that CREB protein is associated with alcohol tolerance, dependence and withdrawal symptoms. It does so by interacting with a specific brain structure called central amygdala (Pandey et…

  • BIOCHEMISTRY 2

    Q1. Define the term Posttranslational modifications and give at least two examples of different types of posttranslational modifications. Synthesisof protein molecules occur through the process of translation which is a m-RNA mediated mechanism. The process encompasses various enzymatic methods in order to certify that proteins formed in the process of translation are accurate, with proper folding and are ready to perform their assigned functions namely as enzymes, antibodies, hormones etc. The process of translation is followed by numerous modifications in the covalent bonds leading to the alteration in the properties of proteins. such alterations are known as post-translational modifications (PTMs). The process involves either an addition of a transforming group…

  • Bill Clinton The 42nd American President

    Virginia Dell Cassidy studied nursing in New Orleans to fend for her and her son, immediately after her son William was born. She left the baby in her parents’ home in Hope, Arkansas. Her parents, Eldridge and Edith Cassidy, had a grocery store in Hope which gave credit to blacks and whites alike, even if the town was still heavily segregated. Because of this, Clinton’s grandparents heavily influenced him in his political career, especially on matters of civil rights and racism. Edith was also a private nurse in Hope. As a beautiful young widow, Virginia Cassidy went out with a number of men but finally settled for Roger Clinton, Sr.…

  • Darwin’s Black Box The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution

    Darwin’s Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution The book Darwin’s black box is penned by an American author and biochemist Michael Behe. After the publication, this book has been the center of all attention and became part of hot debates and discussions across the country because some of the topics and statements made by Behe raise the eye brows of many scientists and famous personalities of related fields. The book is about the comparison of work of Darwin in which the author strives to show that all Darwin’s theories are not right and need to be reconsidered and reseached. The conversation starts with a simple cell. As it was…

  • Love without Sex

    Sex without LoveSome gay people share that they had different feelings from an early age, such as having crushes on people of the same sex then later related these feelings as being gay or bisexual later.Defining sexuality can be difficult, but it may help think about Arm Scharlet’s description of sexuality as the expression of an age blind desire for meaningful intimacy and connection with others. Most people never discover their sexual orientation until much later in their life, which proves to be confusing to them at that particular time. Interest in sexually related activities usually increases when an individual is at the puberty stage. Researchers assume that sexual interests…

  • Biology genetic

    Probability of Genetics This paper focuses on the possibility of genetics and the definitions of words such as ‘Sample Space’ (SA) and probability of genetics. Various experiments are to be conducted to enable an order to regulate the likelihood of either a coin or a dice. Therefore, by the end of the research one should be capable of defining the prospect of a certain gene of a species and that of a penny or a dice no matter how many times they are tossed (Khanna, P. 2010).Keywords: Sample SpaceProbability in a simple sense can be defined as how occasionally something is bound to happen or the estimated regularity of a…

  • Philosophy Assignment 6

    This is a book report and analysis of different books of different It is important to highlight that these books are used in the doing of comparisons to draw the actual truths on some facts that are quite vivid in the readings. Chapter 7 Voyages Of DiscoveryIt is important to highlight that in this chapter the author, Noe writes about the research that was done and presented by Hubel and Weasel. This emerged to be the best and was won the Nobel Prize. In the research as it is highlighted in the book, it is very clear that the mind does what is exactly put into it (Alva 2010).Epilogue: Home…

  • Applied molecular biology

    LYMPHOMA DIAGNOSTICS TECHNIQUES al Affiliation) Problem of Interest Lymphoma diagnostics. Many people die of the disease called non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. The most common type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (NHL), out of the many subtypes, is the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). This death rate can be reduced by employing various methods stated below.Why the Problem ExistsIt is very difficult to categorize prognostic ally on morphological or clinical grounds the condition of NHL subtype DLBCL.With the complexity of the classification system of the NHL, it is known that the NHL categories have multiple disease subtypes each with separate molecular defects and clinical outcomes.An example is where, 35-40% of patients diagnosed with DLBCL is…

  • Report on african person of significance community to global activist innovator artlist etc

    Wangari Maathai Wangari Muta Maathai, a Kenyan politician and environmental activist, was born in April 1940. Maathai attended her college education in the United States. She graduated from Bnedictine College in 1964 with a degree in biology and late completed her masters at the University of Pittsburgh in 1966. In 1971, Maathai received a Ph.D. at the University of Nairobi, becoming the first woman in the larger Central Africa region to earn a doctorate (Ball amp. Heather 122). Maathai started working with the National Council of Women of Kenya in 1970’s. She travelled to the rural areas where she sought to address the issues affecting rural women. Lack of firewood,…

  • Biology question to be answered

    Ecosystem Interactions Hey, my friend, I can explain to you the topic discussed in previous that you missed. First. Interspecies interactions refer to the ways in which populations from different species interact with each other. Here are some of the examples. mutualism refers to an interaction in which organisms of various species interact and benefit positively hence it is a +/+ relationship. For example, the oxpecker gets food by picking ticks off Zebras skin while the zebra benefits by getting rid of the tick (Townsend, Harper, amp. Begon, 2000). Competition refers to a situation in which organisms from different species compete for the same shared limited resources like food, water…

  • Book Report on Intelligent Design by William A Dembski

    I. and Speaker: Intelligent Design by William A. Dembski II. Summary: William Dembski tries to combine science with the belief an intelligent being created the universe, but then left it to evolve on its own. The author believes that the universe could not have come about through the Big Bang Theory, due to the complexity of the universe. His focus was to look into the intelligence of the design of the universe and the unintelligence. Dembski asserts that only an intelligent being could have created the complicated biology of animals and humans. Intelligence leaves behind a characteristic trademark or signature. This characteristic trademark or signature is called specified complexity. An…

  • Marine Biology Sharks

    They drink up to 90 pounds of their mothers milk on a daily basis, and it is said to contain 50%-60% fat content.Humpback whales flippers are approximated to be a third of their body length. As noted earlier, their heads are broad and appear flat when viewed from above, each containing a cylindrical knob with hairs. These hairs are said to assist them in detecting movement inside the water. Humpback whales have a mixture of white and black colors on their bodies. The upper parts are black, especially on the dorsal fin, and the underside is mottled black. These whales are said to have a lifespan of 40-50 years.At a…

  • Macromolecule Research Project Overview

    Health: Carbohydrates, Lipids, and Proteins Macromolecules, biological molecules, or organic molecules like carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins are three of the basic molecules that sustain living organisms for its energy and amino acid supplies (Miller amp. Levine 2003). The commonality among these molecules is in its backbone element which is carbon. Carbohydrates or sugars are organic molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms with the general formula (CH2 O)n , that play a central role in cells by providing energy and support (Miller amp. Levine 2003). The different kinds of Carbohydrates are: 1.) Monosaccharide, 2.) Disaccharides, 3.) Polysaccharides are polymers of monosaccharide of up to 10,000 glucose molecules per…

  • Nervous Innervations of the Lower Teeth

    Either swelling in the pulp or the exposure of the dentine (Wetherell 144) may cause tooth pain. In the present case, my friend’s pain may be because of dental caries, fractured fillings, or even a cracked cusp. This leads to the dentine root surface to be exposed which makes him experience pain when either a hot, cold or sweet stimuli are applied (Wetherell 145). Nervous innervations of the lower teeth may be caused by the Trigeminal Nerve (TN) which provides the innervations against touch, pressure, nociception and thermal sense. TN is the largest of the cranial nerves, and it consists of sensory neurons and it emanates from the brain before…

  • Biological Resources

    Biological Resources Introduction A biological resource is a living landform like animals, plants, water sources and other natural constituents of the planet earth. These resources are important and useful in various ways. Biology is a field of study that covers all aspects of life and nature. Therefore, biological resources are vital and essential for the survival of living things. Examples of such resources include vegetation, water sources, mineral resources and nuclear resources. Conservation of natural vegetation is vital for the survival of living things.VegetationVegetation refers to a group of plants growing in a particular area or habitat. Vegetation exists in different forms which include forests, shrubs, and plantations. Forests refer…

  • Biology Unit 5 DB

    The Pitcher Plant: A Carnivorous Angiosperm with Modified Leaves Section Number of The Pitcher Plant The Sarracenia purpurea, commonly known as Pitcher Plant, is an angiosperm with modified leaf. It is a perennial carnivorous herb. The evergreen leaves of the pitcher plant are modified into the shape of pitchers, and arranged in a rosette formation. The edges of the leaf are curled and fused to form the curved and decumbent pitchers which can be up to 17 long, widening prominently towards the mouth. Each pitcher has a vertically positioned hood at the mouth. The pitcher is usually partially filled with rain water. Leaf or pitcher colour usually ranges from bright…

  • Answering Questions

    Question All amino acids within a protein are either polar charged or polarly uncharged. Answer A. TRUE B. FALSE 2 points Question 2 Acetic acid gives vinegar its sour taste. Which functional group has acidic properties and would release hydrogen ions in an aqueous (water) solution? Answer A.-OH B.-NH2 C.-SH D.-COOH 3 points Question 3 An amino acid is to a protein as a _________________ is to a nucleotide. Answer A.phosphateB.glycerol C.fatty acid D.nucleic acid 3 points Question 4 A deoxyribose sugar is to a DNA nucleotide as a ___________________ is to an amino acid.Answer A.carboxyl group B.R group C.the unique functional group (1 of 20) D.ribosome3 points Question 5…

  • Bis 104 Cell Biologyhello I’M Taking Cell Biology (Bis104 At Uc Davis)

    ERResealed ER vesiclescalled microsomes (b/c of lipidproperties)Break cells withDounce homogenizer:Membranes fragmentthen reseal with aparticular orientationExtra-cellular domainPeripheral membraneprotein (cytoplasmic:Inside the cell)IntergralLuminal proteinmembrane(Extra cellular:proteinoutside the cell)Intra-cellular domainScience

  • How Does Divergence Lead To Reproductive Isolation? What Are Some Ways That Divergence Leads To Reproductive

    Question how does divergence lead to reproductive isolation? What are some ways that divergence leads to reproductive isolation? Reproductive isolation is when different species live in the same area but some characteristics of individuals keep them from interbreeding. I wanted to know how divergences leads to this type of mechanism and what are some disadvantages/advantages. . . . lt; gt; DGquestions.packback.coCMonarchs Species Con…Question Feed | How d…Your Question receiv…Precis for Schwartz…PpackbackQuestionslt;Back to Nyari – BIOL 150 – Organismal and Ecological BiologyQuestionAsked by Tanaya ChaphekarStudent at The University of Tennessee KnoxvilleHow does divergence lead to reproductive isolation?What are some ways that divergence leads to reproductive isolation? Reproductiveisolation is when different species…

  • Lecture Exam 1 Review Sheet Exam Date 10/5/2016 Chapter 1 Biology 1

    ulgtltligthey, can you please explain each of the terms briefly.. and please show examples if you thinkLecture Exam 1 Review SheetExam Date: 10/5/2016Chapter 1: Biology1. Biology: It is a natural science deals with the study of living organisms, as well as their structure, growth, function,…Science

  • Lycosidae ( wolf spider)

    The orthognath chelicerae is considered to be the pleiomorphic condition of all spiders. Most of the currently existing spiders belong to the suborder opisthteles, characterized by the absence of segmentation of abdomen and nervous system. It is made up of the 1) baboon spiders and its allies (Mygalomorphae) and 2) Aranaeomorphae, which is referred to as true or labidognath spiders. The apomorphic aranaemorphs have a specialized web, in which piriform silk is added to stabilize the line. In addition, these spiders have female fertilization ducts. All of these characteristivs are synapomorphies,that make Aranaeomorphae monophyletic (Coddington, 2005). One of the Aranaeomorphs are the lycosoids, together with Aranaeoidea and Salticidae. For wolf…

  • Anthropogenic Factors of Global Warming

    Many of the side effects considered to be the direct result of global warming are a rise in sea water levels and in the warming temperature of the planet. Melting ice caps have contributed both to the quantity of water contained in the ocean basins and the slowing of ocean currents which affects water temperatures and rainfall. Scientists have long blamed global warming for significant changes in the form of global rainfall causing flooding in some areas and extreme drought in others. Increased temperature of the planet reduces the ability of some plants and animals to survive, which can have an effect on humans. Many of these changes are considered…

  • WalMart Effect by Charles Fishman

    According to the expert analysis, as Wal-Mart is the main company on the planet, they are a huge buyer and seller of merchandise. This gives Wal-Mart the benefit of huge economies of scale, which they enlarge to lower prices. Because of the size of the retailer, this puts Wal-Mart into a position of a monopsonist extracting rents from their suppliers and then acting as a near monopolist in the final retail goods market. A few companies such as Dial do over a quarter of their commerce with Wal-Mart. Wal-Mart dictates the terms, and those suppliers that wish to stay in the game, comply with the mandates (Martin Vander Weyer, 2006).The…

  • Biology Cuddlefish and Camouflage

    Cuttlefish have a short life span and a high growth rate. They are active swimmers with a predatory lifestyle, feeding largely on crabs, prawns, and fish. Cuttlefish possess eight forward-reaching arms specialized to grasp the prey after it has been captured using an additional pair of elongated tentacles (Chaddha, 2007) with a single suction cup at each tip. In the middle of the eight arms, there is a small beak, which cuttlefish use to break open the shells of mollusks, crabs, and other crustaceans (Animal Guide, www.pbs.org). According to Chaddha, The arms are also important for a defensive display in which the cuttlefish sucks water into its mantle cavity and…

  • Analysis of Methamphetamine Epidemic

    It is evident from the documentary that the effects of methamphetamines are deep and heart-breaking. They destroy families and reduce individuals to meth-chasers. Even the biology of the drug’s functioning is particularly disturbing. its ability to destroy brain cells makes everything else in the user’s life seem meaningless. Meth eventually becomes the only thing that can elevate a user’s mood, so it becomes their sole preoccupation. Clearly, some strategies are imperative in dealing with it.Four key points emerge from the interviewees, correspondents, and narrators in the documentary. First, authorities have the option of interrupting the supply chain for the production of the key ingredients. The documentary identifies ephedrine and its…

  • Measurement in my prospective profession (or career) Civil engineering

    The Chemistry of Photosynthesis Introduction The sun is primary source of energy in the universe for existence of life on earth. The enormous amount of light energy present in the sun is being utilized in various forms thereby promoting life and survival of certain living organisms. The conversion of light energy emitting from sun into chemical energy and storing it in the forms of sugar is a unique process which is known as photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is carried out by many different organisms, ranging from plants to bacteria. It may be defined as the process in which plants, some bacteria and some protistans consume the light energy of sun along with…

  • Biology of food

    Genes are required to direct the production of functional molecules. also known as proteins. A process known as gene expression does this. Gene expression consists of two steps: transcription, and translation. Gene information is necessary in the production of proteins. Transcription is the first step done to get the information out of storage. The information stored in the DNA of a gene is relocated to an RNA (mRNA) molecule located in the cell nucleus. this process is called transcription. The DNA of a gene serves as a template for harmonizing base pairing. RNA polymerase II catalyzes the configuration of a pre- mRNA molecule. which is developed to form a mature…

  • A Dialogue Over Marijuana And Its Characteristics

    So I reached my classroom, drew a marijuana leaf, for class 11 students they thought in their current affairs class they would be discussing biology. However, they were soon proved wrong to their utter surprise. I stood firm to the ground and raised the following question to the students:Who here thinks that Marijuana should be legalized in Europe and the rest of the world?Many of them did not know what I was talking about, so I explained the herb and its characteristics. As everyone else would have thought, they came to the conclusion that this was a drug and they better stay away from it. Which was the point basically.…

  • Discuss how an understanding of the biology of insect pests assists in the control of stored product pests

    It also helps to determine whether there is an infestation in a given building, what methods should be used to remove it, and provides wider methods for the creation of new pesticides and insect repellents. Reason For Entry, Method of Entry, and Location The primary reason that an understanding of the biology of an insect pests helps in exterminating the pests by giving an understanding as to why the insects would come inside that building at that particular location. Generally, these reasons include coming into buildings seeking food, water, or shelter from the elements. For example, cockroaches are attracted to moisture around pipes and drains, and so buildings with such…

  • How our Understanding of Genetics Has Changed Over Time

    How our Understanding of Genetics has Changed Over Time Genetics as a field of science has come quite far from being a crude belief system that tries to explain why children resemble their parents, and explained through the assumptions by early Greek scholars with regards to the mixing of the vital forces of a man and a woman in forming new life (Guttman, 2011). The fast expansion and discovery of new information with regards to the process of heredity was due to the numerous inventions that were used to study biological sciences, as well as refining methods by which the invisible are being studied. In a short amount of time,…

  • Anthropology as Branch of Social Science

    Love (a) Anthropology is that branch of social science which deals with the social aspect of humans, the cultures, customs, and beliefs of humans throughout history. It is a Greek word which means to be study of mankind literally.(b) The four sub fields of anthropology are socio-cultural anthropology, archeology, linguistic anthropology and physical anthropology. The first subfield i.e. the social anthropology deals with the study of various cultures of the world and also involves ethnography. Archeology talks about the human societies and their material things which are recovered studying them thoroughly. It basically studies human history, the tools used up to the recent developments by the humans. Linguistic anthropology focuses…

  • Biological Races in Humans

    Module Potential Essay Question Question Race is not biologically real because human beings are not born with racial awareness. We become knowledgeable about race as we grow, depending on experiences. Race is ascribed to biology because it can be explained biologically. Genes are passed down from generation to generation, often forming a pattern that can be interpreted (Jurmain and Kilgore 19). Paul Broca and Robert Bean examined race and concluded that just like gender, race is a concept that is mostly beyond our grasp. They concluded that we can decide our children’s races by marrying people from certain races, but we cannot change ours. Franklin Mall conducted a study which…

  • Fathers Impact

    Father’s ImpactAnyone has admired another person in one’s life, either for a short time or for the duration of a lifetime. The characteristics, commitment or success strategy of the admired person has an influence upon other individuals. The person that I admired most who has a great impact upon me is my father. My father is a medical doctor by profession. His parents experience financial distress that my father was able to attend his medical studies by accepting various lowly jobs to defray the expenses at the school. Once he set his mind on his goal, he diligently worked on it day and night until the final outcome is complete.…

  • Corporate Responsibility and Product Safety Monsanto

    Monsanto is a US-based company that produces many seed brands for non food crops like corn and cotton, along with food crops like vegetables such as potatoes. The company specializes in the manufacture of genetically engineered (GE) seed as well as other agriculture support products such as herbicide glyphosate product, etc.According to its official website, it is an agriculture company, using ‘modern biology’ to assist farmers all over the world in yielding more produce (‘Who We Are’ 2010). It provides these farmers with seeds that have undergone high level of experimentation and research to show their enhanced effects on output. The company is headquartered in Creve Coeur, Missouri.There has been…

  • Bachelors Degree in Biology

    It is my greatest hope to become enrolled with George Washington to work towards achieving my greatest goal of obtaining a bachelors degree in Biology. I strongly believe that the rich tradition and high quality of education this school has to offer will provide me with the opportunities and education necessary to help move forward in my education and ultimately prepare me for a rich career in Biology. Recently, I obtained an associate’s degree in science from Northern Virginia Community College. This was an excellent fit for me at the time because it provided a quality education that was close to home. However, I understand the value of a good…

  • Why are Relationships Difficult

    It was argued that men and women are different biologically (or naturally), and it is inherent in them, so to speak, to be different from one another, therefore, it is all but natural for their relationships with each other to have so many problems and/or difficulties. However, with the women liberation movement came the idea that it was not biology but social conditioning that caused men and women to behave and think so differently in any given scenarioNow the question arises: which of these theories is valid? Are men and women really different from one another because society demands them to be so, or is it because the differences in…

  • The Origin of Mitochondria

    3 750 Running head: THE ORIGINS OF MITOCHONDRIA The Origins of Mitochondria The origins of mitochondria remain an important object of professional interest. Dozens of researchers explored the origins of mitochondria and their implications for future research. This paper provides a brief summary of the article Microsporidia, Amitochondrial Protists, Possess a 70-kDa Heat Shock Protein of Mitochondrial Evolutionary Origin. The purpose, methods, and results of the study are discussed. The information from the article is compared to what other articles say. Recommendations for future research are provided. Keywords: mitochondria, origins, microsporidia, evolution. The Origins of Mitochondria The origins of mitochondria remain one of the most popular objects of professional interest.…

  • Biological Weapons Could Smallpox Be Used as a Weapon

    4 1000 Smallpox was proved to be the most lethal of all viruses that could be used as a biological weapon and hence a study on the use and impacts of smallpox virus has been presented through the study. Introduction: Biological weapons can be understood to be such microorganisms, that if can be placed in a targeted host body, are capable of infecting the body and developing thus killing the target body or putting the body out of action. Such weapons might also be biologically derived bioactive substances that can injure the host that is targeted. Also, biological-mimicking substances can be designed artificially that are capable of duplicating the performances…

  • What are we learning about the origins of man

    3 750 What are we learning about the origins of man Your First Number Month day, year What are we learning about the origins of man Man’s origins have long been a source of questioning study, with every generation a new approach is formulated or old approaches are built upon. The ability to decode strands of deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA has allowed science to expand their knowledge in this area. According to biology online DNA is, “A double-stranded nucleic acid that contains the genetic information for cell growth, division, and function.” (Biology online, answers to all your biology questions, 2011) The religious approaches vary based on the religions core belief.…

  • Personhood and Severely Invalid Persons

    These debates would be linked to the position of severely invalid persons like persons with Acute Dementia in the ward I did my practical work in. Questions to be addressed include, who are they? What is their position in the society? And what moral and ethical obligations do health professionals like nurses owe to such persons. In my study of philosophy, I had on question on my mind and this was from my practical work. The question was, what is the position of people with acute dementia. The are seriously invalid and have a tough existence. I therefore began to wonder how their rights to health care accrued and why…

  • Miderm worksheet

    Midterm Stand by yourself near the front entrance to the exhibit gallery (or other space you are encountering). For my situationthis was about six months back and I am sitting before my portable computer tensely anticipating the drop of Beyoncés most up to date collection discharged just to Itunes2. minutes clearing your mind and using all your senses to become as attentive as possible to your environment. The collection was set to go on special at 9pm and it was 8:57pm, I was continually invigorating my page for the minute I could hit the buy catch with sweating palms and my jaws couldnt quit grinning and I was so energized.3.…

  • In what ways do sociobiological theorists explain criminal behaviour

    Order 441686 Topic: In what ways do socio-biological theorists explain criminal behaviour? BiologicalPositivism is an extremely wide subject area, as wide as the scope of criminal behaviour is! Many researchers are doing overtime to find out the causes of criminal behaviour. Consensus is there amongst the researchers that biological basis of criminality exists, and this could be one of the starting points to understand the mind and disposition of the criminals. Why do criminals behave the way they behave? In this connection, two approaches are prevalent as per the current thinking—one genetic, the other biochemical. But neither of these approaches proves conclusively about the criminal tendencies amongst individuals. Biology does…

  • NT in Review (Biology)

    For it is evident that man has been trying to explain the world around him for almost as long as he appeared on earth. We do not know whether there exist other species with similar proclivity, but with humans this need is evident. Despite warnings of dire consequences, Adam did pluck the fruit of knowledge didn’t he?At one level questions were of metaphysical nature and on the other they involved scientific knowledge. Earliest scientific study was mainly in the areas of Physical Science, questioning the nature of matter, energy and motion. The Greek philosophers applied their minds to these questions using logic alone in a dialectical reasoning. Aristotle made an…

  • A Strong Passion for Medicine

    Unit Ever since I was a small child, I had a strong passion for medicine. It was clear to me that only time and finances stood in my way of becoming a doctor. While my age mates were playing with ordinary toys, I often played with a laboratory kit. My parents were immigrants from Vietnam, and they had to work hard under payment of minimum wage just to ensure our survival. I grew up knowing that nothing good comes easy in life, as I had to work from when I was fourteen in order to get school fees and help my parents with the household income. This instilled a sense…

  • Cognitive Science and Behavior Analysis Operant Conditioning

    Reinforcing a behavior strengthens it will the opposite weakens and eventually extinguishes it (Palmer &amp. Donahoe, 1992). Although the Darwinism hypothesis has had a fair share of followers, operant conditioning has a valid non-teleological explanation of the diversity of life. Although there are many factors that interplay to affect behavior, the reinforced actions are more likely to repeat in the future. For this reason, human action does not entirely rely on genetic transfer but also depends on the external factors that are non-biological in nature (Palmer &amp. Donahoe, 1992). As Skinner asserts, relatively undifferentiated baseline behavior by successive contingencies of reinforcement can shape highly organized and complex behavior. The history…

  • Sensitivity to climate change for two reptiles at the Mojave

    Sensitivity To Climate Change For Two Reptiles At The Mojave An elevated temperature combined with the experienced prolonged droughts over the years seems to push the desert reptiles beyond their psychological limits in as much as their survival is concerned. C.W. Barrows in his journal, “Sensitivity to climate change for two reptiles at the Mojavee Sonoran Desert” tries to unfold this natural phenomena. He narrows down to two reptile species (Gopherus agassizii and Sauromalus ater) inhabiting the Sonoran Desert. In an effort to unearth these findings, C.W. Barrows models the reptile’s niche using the Mahalanobis D2 statistical tool. In order to realize a more predictable niche space he holds terrain…

  • Same sex marriage shoul not be allowed

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  • An Asset to St Christopher Iba Mar Diop School of Medicine

    &nbsp.When I entered the University of Houston, I have gained so many experiences such as helping people through campus-sponsored events and through the Fraternity I have joined with. With this organization, it taught be self-discipline and morale wherein I have developed over the years. I have a wealth of exposures to different places and people from all walks of life. In this University also, I have gained 110 credit hours in the field of Biology which I could use as a stepping stone to the medical profession. I firmly believe that I can be an asset to the St. Christopher Iba Mar Diop School of Medicine through the experiences I…

  • Theory of Darwins Dangerous

    It was not only the physical aspect of organism and environment that evolved, along with it is the evolution of culture and language, that helped shaped man. The dangerous idea of the title is Darwin’s discovery that natural selection, alone and unaided, is enough to explain everything we see in the living world, ourselves included.&nbsp.If this is so, part of the danger is that we cannot confine Darwinism within any one science.&nbsp.Like a "universal acid" that can eat through anything, evolution by natural selection leaks out of biology and can’t be contained, despite the efforts of many. Dennett also challenged the various scientists such as Roger Penrose and Stephen Jay…

  • Autobiographical Narrative with Commentary

    I remember breaking into a run and coming to a jerky halt just inches away from him. ‘Well done,’ was all he said. And then he brought out his hand from behind his back and clenched in it was a cap: my favorite team, a gift from my favorite person in the world. I can feel the sweat of every match I played with this cap, on my fingertips. I can smell every victory, every moment of jubilation. I remember the days I wore it to school, my friends staring at it enviously. So many memories lodged in this little article of fandom. Then there’s that other night. Years later.…

  • Basic Tissue Processing for Routine Light Microscopy

    Formaldehyde is a good immunoperoxidase technique as the tissues are fixed by cross-linkages formed by proteins and the cross-links does not harm the protein structure and the standard solution is 10% neutral buffered formalin. Glutaraldehyde is also used for fixation and the standard solution is 2% buffered glutaraldehyde. This causes deformations in protein structure and penetrates very slowly but provides overall cytoplasmic and nuclear detail. Alcohols are usually not used for tissues as contain protein denaturants and cause brittleness. Oxidizing agents such as potassium permanganate is also not used frequently as they cross-link proteins and cause extensive denaturation. There is a number of factors which affect the fixation process such…

  • Discussion 8

    The Witches Discussion Question The first discussion started with Kelly Pang’s definition about the origin of the witch stereotype. Robin Evans supported the views by presenting a detailed analysis about some paintings by Hans Baldung Grien like ‘The Witches Sabbath’ and the ‘A Group of Witches’. Nicole Aydt also supported Kellys views in reference to Malleus Maleficarum or the Hammer of the Witches. Robin Evans pointed out though the depictions of people like Albrecht Durer and Grien show the witches performing utterly cannibalistic activities like collecting male penis and engaging in grave digging, there is no proof that these events actually happened. Kelly pang said the usage of trident and…

  • Connection Journal about Mutualism

    when Due: Connection Journal about Mutualism Introduction Mutualism is a symbiotic relationship that exists between two species. The two species benefit from each other. A good example is the fungi and the plant roots. The fungi obtains food from the plant roots. In return, the plant obtains protection, nutrients and water. There are two types of mutualism that exists: facultative and obligate mutualism (Yamamura, pp. 421-428)Mutualism Facultative mutualism is a relationship that exists between two species that depend and benefit from each other by living in close association. However, this two species do not need each other for survival. One species can live without the other but it isbeneficial when…

  • BSc Dentistry Oral Biology

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  • The Impact of Recent Technology In Breast Cancer

    From the discussion it is clear that&nbsp.there are numerous causes of breast cancer, however, radiation and Heredity are the two well-known causes of breast cancer.&nbsp. Heredity described as the transmission of traits from parents to offspring through genes. According to Judith 2002, five to ten percent of breast cancer cases are caused by being born with damaged or mutated breast cancer genes. An individual’s characteristic is determined by his or her genes. The breast cancer genes Breast Cancer 1 (BRCA 1) as well as Breast Cancer 2 (BRCA 2) are expected to prevent the growth of a tumor.&nbsp.As the paper declares&nbsp.exposure to high amounts of electrically charging, or ionizing, radiation…

  • The Theories of Charles Darwin the Concept of Eugenics

    When looking at the basic definitions and concepts of Darwinism and eugenics, it can be seen that they are directly related in basic terms and foundational definitions with the difference relying on the biological and scientific interpretations.&nbsp. Understanding how both of these are linked together also provides a thorough understanding of how different species have evolved as well as what the species will do to move forward with survival, evolution and changes in the species. More importantly, it shows how the external influences of different theories change the overall meaning, definition and influence on society. The concept of eugenics, as well as the theories of Charles Darwin first, became prevalent…

  • In this weeks lecture that membrane fluidity is a function of the kinds of fatty acids and the cholesterol content within that membrane Is there any evidence that hyperlipidemia for example could change membrane composition If that is the ca

    Hyperlipidemia and Membrane Composition Lipids are an important source of energy to our body in the absence of glucose. They are stored in the body in the form fat and circulate in the form of Low, intermediate and high density lipoproteins. Hyperlipidemia is a condition in which there is an increase in the amount of these circulating lipoproteins. Hyperlipidemias are divided into different classes according to the increase in the amount of specific lipoproteins and the pathology behind it. The mammalian cell membrane is a lipid bilayer membrane. They have a central hydrophilic layer incorporated in between the two hydrophobic layers of lipids. Lipids serve as the major structural and…

  • Carbon Dioxide as an Important Component of the Atmosphere and the Human Body

    Some of the chief sources from where carbon dioxide is released include: combustion of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas in power plants, automobiles, industrial facilities and other sources. There are certain industrial production processes also which play vital role in rising levels of carbon dioxide. These processes include: mineral production, metal production etc. In addition the use of petroleum-based products can also lead to CO2 emissions. The process of carbon sequestration also plays a vital role in altering the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Deforestation is also a cause of enhancing CO2 ratio in the environment. Similarly, there are also some sinks of CO2. The…

  • Gender differences

    Gender Differences In a number of societies around the world as soon as a baby is born, his or her roles are defined on the basis of the gender he or she belongs to. These roles and the rigidity with which they are followed depends on how traditional the society is. Gender roles aren’t an uncommon feature and most of us accept them knowingly or sometimes unknowingly. ‘This is how a man does it or this is what a women should do’ aren’t comments we are unfamiliar with . The society and culture does subconsciously label these roles which in turn defines our behaviour . Culture defines how we behaveThe…

  • Social Anxiety

    Social Anxiety Running head: SOCIAL ANXIETY Social Anxiety in APA Style of Social Anxiety 2 Social anxiety is fear, uneasiness, and worry regarding social situations where one will be evaluated by others. This can be experienced at public places such as parties, or speaking in front of people. (Wikipedia, 2006.) Social anxiety is also known as "social phobia" or "social anxiety disorder (SAD)". It can be a fear that only involves a single situation such as being in crowds or it can be broad and cause one to be fearful in any situation that involves being around other people. Richards (1999-2005) reports that "Social anxiety is the third largest psychological…

  • Black women and white women do perceptions of childhood family environment differ

    Running head: Black Women and White Women: Do Perceptions of Childhood Family Environment Differ Black Women and White Women: Do Perceptions Of Childhood Family Environment Differ[The name of the writer appears here][The name of the institution appears here]I. Introduction The research article is based upon a comprehensive study of Black and White Women and tries to answer the question. do perceptions of childhood family environment differ The research was done on a sample of Black and White women from two-parent families, heterogeneous in age and social class. II. Purpose of the Research The research was conducted to find out the differences in perceptions of childhood family environment amongst black women…

  • Black women and white women do perceptions of childhood family environment differ

    Running head: Black Women and White Women: Do Perceptions of Childhood Family Environment Differ Black Women and White Women: Do Perceptions Of Childhood Family Environment Differ[The name of the writer appears here][The name of the institution appears here]I. Introduction The research article is based upon a comprehensive study of Black and White Women and tries to answer the question. do perceptions of childhood family environment differ The research was done on a sample of Black and White women from two-parent families, heterogeneous in age and social class. II. Purpose of the Research The research was conducted to find out the differences in perceptions of childhood family environment amongst black women…

  • Xylem and Phloem A Plant’s Dynamic Duo

    Xylem and Phloem: A Plant’s Dynamic Duo Sap is transported through a plant’s circulatory system by the actions of the xylem and the phloem. The xylem carries mineral rich water from the roots to the rest of the plant, while the phloem carries sap, that has organic nutrients, to parts of the plant on an as needed basis. Though they have similar functions, the xylem and phloem have different processes by which they work and the plant puts them to different uses.In the process of moving water and minerals from the roots to the outer shoots, the sap is moved through the xylem by the action of a few different…

  • IB Biology Substrate Specificity of Digestive Enzymes Planning Investigation

    There are two proposed mechanisms by which enzymes specificity can be put forward, 1) Lock and key model. where substrate act as key for enzyme as lock or in other words enzyme possess specific grooves where only specific substrate can be fixed 2) Induced fix model. where enzyme creates site for substrate when it comes in contact with it. In the given experiment we will investigate the substrate specificity of enzyme amylase towards its substrate Starch. We will also investigate the effect of various physical parameters like temperature, pH, enzyme concentration etc.3. Hypothesis: Amylase has absolute specificity toward starch and will not act on any other polysaccharides. Similarly rate of…

  • Major market segments and trends in biotech industry

    Biotechnology is a technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. Of the many different definitions available, the one formulated by the UN Convention on Biological Diversity is one of the broadest: "Biotechnology means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use." (Article 2. Use of Terms). Another definition can be: Biotechnology is the manipulation of organisms to do practical things and to provide useful products.2 Biotechnology is a scientific knowledge base–a rapidly evolving technology–that has economically valuable applications in diverse industries such as pharmaceuticals, medical diagnostics, agriculture, bio-environmental remediation and…

  • Students Diagnosed with Anxiety Disorder A Counselors Views

    Anxiety is the experience of fear which has overtaken the sense of objective’ danger. In more recent models, anxiety is understood to arise when the individual has certain beliefs about the dangerousness of situations which hold important individual meaning for that person. Once situations, events, sensations, and mental events are seen as dangerous, a complex web of emotions, actions, physiological reactions, and thoughts is formed. The central theme of anxiety problems, in contrast to other difficulties, is that anxiety is based on anticipating problems in the future. The theme is that of impending threat and danger. Anxiety is a combination of different elements, cognition, emotion, biology, behavior, and environment, which…

  • DNA Fingerprinting in Molecular Biology

    Jeffreys began at the simplest, by detecting single copies of the genes and the phenomena of introns. It was this research that introduced the genuine concepts of restriction fragment length polymorphism or RFLP. (Newton, 2004, np) By this technique, it was possible to divide the DNA into smaller pieces, which in turn led to the discovery of SNP or single nucleotide polymorphism. The SNP became a designation for points in DNA that show variation in the nucleotide arrangement, which prevents their cutting. These two discoveries were going to affect the entire future of genetic technologies. (Newton, 2004, np) The discovery of the DNA printing made it an exclusive fact that…

  • Human biology

    Changes in hormone levels can create poor oocyte quality. Controlling blood levels are also determining factors used to time oocyte retrieval and increase the number of oocytes that are retrieved (2005). The three hormones that can be tested so the best time for oocyte retrieval are LH (Luteinizing Hormone), oestradiol and progesterone.An increase of LH is an important variable as it is an indicator that ovulation has begun and that the release of an oocyte has already begun. Many times if the LH levels are high, the possibility of retrieving mature eggs may be difficult, which is why most LH surges will delay the process of IVF.Oestradiol stimulates the lining…

  • Need for Risk Assessment of Biotechnology Projects

    Need for Risk Assessment of Biotechnology Projects. Development of biotechnology has led to tremendous progress in the fields of agriculture, medicine, waste management and pollution control The advancement in the genetic engineering and molecular biology have helped to develop modified or special organisms that could be used in some specific tailor made situations and applications. The risk being referred to these situations are related to the extend of hazard that is assessed based on the type of the population exposed, the concentration of the exposure and the duration of exposure of engineered species .(Wolt and Peterson, 2000). And also, the extend of risk varies from situation to situation. In the…

  • The nature of Darwin’s Contributions to the study of evolution

    Most f these masses said nothing, however, some vocally supported such persons as Charles Hodge, a Princeton theologian who preached that Darwinism was atheism.John William Dawson and Arnold Guyot, two f the last reputable nineteenth-century creationists attempted to oblige science by interpreting the days f Genesis "as ages and by correlating them with successive epochs in the natural history f the world" (Ruse, 229). Dawson and Guyot cited several supernatural interventions, particularly in their theories f the first humans. however, they attempted to keep such paranormal citations to a minimum, thus focusing on a maximizing f operations f natural law.Between 1910 and 1915, The Fundamentals was published to rejuvenate and…

  • Altering Medicines

    The study of the California based toxicologist indicates that seawater is found to contain pollutants such as plastic additives, flame retardants, and pharmaceutical drugs in high proportion than permitted by the authorities. These pollutants are now showing up in fish tissues as well. It also revealed that high level of female hormone called estrogen is also found in male fish, may be due to some hormone-altering chemicals causing this change. It further stated that as much as 90% of the male fish were found producing egg yolk proteins and one of them even produced eggs. The study also indicated that usual method of diluting pollution with a vast amount of…

  • How does meiosis contribute to human genetic diversity

    How Does Meiosis Contribute to Human Genetic Diversity Genetic variability among humans is essential for survival. Reproduction playsa significant role to create genetic variability in the offspring. This genetic variability helps to cope up human beings to changing environment and therefore for evolution. There are three major sources of such variations, namely, the independent assortment of chromosomes during meiosis, reciprocal recombination of the linked genes on chromosomes by crossing over in prophase I of meiosis, and random fertilization of gametes, thereby raising possibility of innumerable combinations. Sexual reproduction usually comprises of genetic contributions from the two parental organisms. The key to sexual reproduction in eukaryotic human cell is meiosis. The…

  • The Concept of Animal Rights Legal and Global Efforts

    Introduction The concept of animal rights asserts that animals own their right to live and that animals’ primary interests should be assigned a degree of consideration similar to that of man. The import of this definition is that animals may not be arbitrarily killed or exposed to suffering. Thesis Statement Animal rights as a concept is sacrosanct because it holds economic, environmental and scientific and medical significance to man’s livelihood and should thus be safeguarded through legal and global efforts. Historicity of Animal Rights as a Concept Contrary to the misconception by the average mind, the idea of animal rights is not a modern idea, but it actually stretches back…

  • Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population

    Since the transmission of HCV is similar to HIV and IDU is the primary risk factor for HCV infection, and coinfection of these two blood borne diseases cause morbidity and mortality, harm reduction approach and the strategies that addresses the social and economic harms that impact an individual, community, or society are paramount in preventing the epidemic.Hepatitis C is the major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer in the United States and the identification of Hepacivirus of the family Flaviviridae in 1989 led to an explosion of research and development of specific tests for detecting anti-HCV and HCV RNA as well as recognizing it as a common cause…

  • “Ethics Development Understanding &amp

    Application"Ethics too considers the psychophysical behavior of human beings, but always with reference to some standard of what behavior ought to be. Behavior considered in terms of a moral situation is called conduct. A psychologist who tried to use the technique of the mathematician or physicist would find that his results bore little relation to the qualitative variety of people’s minds. Similarly, the methods appropriate to ethics are not identical with the methods that have given effective results in biology, psychology, economics, or law. Ethics stands in important relations to each of these disciplines, but whatever materials the ethical philosopher may draw from related fields he draws simply as material…

  • Why I Want to Get Master’s Degree in Forensic Science

    150881 I am graduating from Quinnipiac in May 2007 with a BS in Health Sciences and a minor in Psychology. I would like to get admissionfor Masters in Forensic Science with specialty in DNA analysis. I have taken a number of Biology and Chemistry courses in the last four years. My educational background focuses on DNA and Genetics. I have extensive lab work experience. After my education, I hope to get a job in New York or New Jersey and also hope to work for FBI some day and that remains my ultimate goal. Even though I have taken Psychology as a minor, I eventually developed great interest in it,…

  • The Warming of the Earth

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  • Measurements Micropipetting and Sterile Techniques

    MICROPIPETTING AND STERILE PIPETTING TECHNIQUE Index Purpose 2. Procedure 3. Result 4. Conclusion 5. References Micropipetting Practice Using Sterile TechniqueHere we discuss about two techniques named as ‘Micropipetting’ and ‘Sterile pipetting’ for laboratory experiments based on microbiology or on the micro chemical protocols and small volume of DNA has to measure with pure cultures.Purpose:Sterile technique must use to protect the sterile broth, plates, slants and pure cultures form the microbes. In this technique only sterile surfaces touch each other sterile surfaces according to this method exposure of the sterile surfaces to the air should be minimum and in micropipetting is the technique of measuring small volumes even if in micro…

  • Evolution of Biology

    Evolutionary Development of the Fibroblast Growth Factor The article, “Evolution of FGF Gene Family” by Oulion, Bertrand and Escriva was published in the International Journal of Evolutionary Biology in the year 2012. The article reflects on the evolutionary development and progression of the Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) family over the years. The FGF family is involved in the normal developmental and physiological processes of human biology. The research observes the FGF family evolution in the chordates and the eumetazoan family which helps in understanding the evolution of the FGF family brought about by the successive genetic alterations. On the basis of the FGF amino acid sequences found in the metazoan…

  • Young Women Feminism and the Future

    One philosophy is that sex is socially formed instead of being spontaneously created. This is by keeping in mind that hominids are genetic beings, where our genetic system affects who we are as men and women. Nonetheless, from a women’s libber view, there exists a composite interaction between culture and biology and genetic attributes may be transformed by social or environmental settings. Feminism describes gender as arrange of social anticipations that are replicated and transmitted via an aspect of social acquiring. This paper entails an argumentative essay on feminism as a social movement. (A-2) A second women’s movement philosophy is that gender is a crucial organizing aspect within the social…

  • Omnivores Dilemma (Industrial Corn)

    To investigate and analyze the entire food chains of human food habits, Pollan throws an in-depth light on each of the food chains initiating from the industrial food to the final source of the final meal. The book is divided into three neat parts, bearing the titles, ‘Industrial Corn’, ‘Pastoral Grass’ and ‘Personal the Forest’. Apart from this, there is also one introduction bearing the title, ‘Our Natural Eating Disorder’. ‘Industrial Corn’ is the first part of the book and it contains seven chapters. In this portion of the book, Pollan tends to explore the food chain from which the vast variety of American meals evolve. This portion of the…

  • Pharmacogenetics in Cancer

    Various problems have been realized during the cancer therapy using the conventional chemotherapy. This is because to attain reasonable efficacy, a considerable degree of toxicity is needed and hence severe side-effects. Most oncologists are faced with the major challenge of the variability of the treatment responses as well as narrow therapeutic index for the anticancer drugs. Therefore, there is no doubt that the developments in molecular biology and molecular genetics, and of the associated methods have had considerable effects on the comprehension of drug action. Therefore, drawing on a variety of sources the paper will discuss pharmacogenetics in cancer.Cancer is a very unusual disease because it emanates from the accumulation…

  • Physiological Processes Involved in our Spatial Vision

    Seeing is a process which enables a person to see things of this world around him/her. To see is a natural God gifted phenomenon. One gets benefits and enjoys the environment. During this phenomenon, the patterns of light are projected on our retinas by the objects. From the scientific view, vision is a complex process. The image is encoded in the retina. The retina goes through some important processes and then reaches to the stage of recognizing an object or personality or anything else. Actually, it is the object that reflects light from its background and the luminant boundaries in the retinal image are formed. This is a useful starting…

  • Psychological Understanding of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    3750 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be one of the earliest recorded psychological disorders in history. Symptoms that resemble the affliction were noted in Ancient Greece as an effect of battle, and examples of these symptoms can be found throughout recorded history in similar war-related situations. However, the actual designation of PTSD and the development of related treatment did not begin until the 1970s. It is not a coincidence that interest in identifying and studying this disorder occurred in step with the much-maligned Vietnam War. PTSD continues to be strongly linked to participation in wars (MacGregor, 2009), although this is far from the only type of traumatic experience that can…

  • Social Determinants of Health and WellBeing

    There is a long list provided by the WHO of the social determinants necessary to influence the well-being and health of every individual. While some parts of this list are far from being social influences, many do indeed fall within the list of determinants in society that affect its individuals. This list includes: income, education or more specifically health literacy, employment, physical environment, child development, biology, gender and culture. Thus, as proven, some factors are a far cry from what can be considered as social determinants to the prevailing health system today. Yet aspects like housing: physical environment, education: health literacy and culture can play a tremendous role in determining…

  • Final Exam Biology

    The primary consumers will have all the energy from the sun and synthesize nutrients. These nutrients will be used by each level with little being passed to the next trophic level hence the biomass will decrease.Considering the concept of ecological efficiency, only about ten per cent of the nutrients and energy passed to a given trophic level will be utilized. Therefore, that will be lost with the one in the next trophic level being smaller by ten percent. This is the main reason why the pyramid will rarely have more than seven trophic levels.The acacia ants live in the thorns. The acacia produce the substance that the ants use for…

  • Girl Before Mirror by Pablo Picasso

    Lecturer: Girl Before Mirror by Pablo Picasso The Girl Before Mirror is a painting that was done by Pablo Picasso in 1932 using a style of production that Picasso had employed at the time to bring to mind an image of Vanity similar to those that had been used in the earlier times (Lobdell and Burgard 39). Regardless of this, the painter shifts the focus and develops a totally different perception to the image. A close look at the image creates an interpretation of numerous varying symbols in different sections of the painting. The facial aspect of the girl is depicted with a lateral profile as well as a complete…

  • Each paper is on cultural relativism on the writings provided below

    82000 This fact cannot be denied that people believing in traditional healing systems will not go for biomedicine if they have firm believe in their culture and folk medicine procedures. Their beliefs should be respected and they should not be imposed that they must use the medicine that has no linkage with their culture. Even they should be facilitated with knowledge of their culture so that they can be provided with sufficient provision of needed support. AIDS is not a small or negligible disease as it keeps the capacity of killing a person. This disease is quite common in Africa and people make use of traditional or fold healing systems…

  • The Double Helix

    The double helix Double helix, as used in molecular biology, refers to pairing of dual strands of nucleic acid molecules. Examples of such strands are found in DNA molecules. In this paper, I seek to explore the role of double helix in complementary base pairing in DNA replication and the nature of the pairing.The role of the double helix in complementary base pairing in DNA replication is to ensure an identical daughter cell in the replication process. The double helix strand consists of two chains, each with similar nucleotides but arranged in an opposite direction. The strands are copied with similar nucleotide information from each of the parent strands. As…

  • Adoptive Children it’s in Their Genes

    Until now, many of us are wondering if we inherit not only boliogical traits but personality factors as well. Some people rationalize that personality traits are learned as a consequence of interaction with people close to us like our parents, sibling ,a nd even friends. However, the article chosen sheds some light on this issue.The article is titled “ It’s in Their Genes” written by Rebecca Klein. It was published in an online magazine known as “Adoptive Families”. The article begins with an interesting abstract that provokes the readers to read more about the article. The abstract suggests that certain personality traits can either be learned or simply inherited. The…

  • BIOL final lab

    Bioethical Issues on Mandatory DNA Fingerprint and Bisphenol A (BPA) Mandatory DNA Fingerprinting DNA fingerprinting is the genetical method that involves isolation and making of the DNA sequences mostly used in the verification of the identity of a strange person. It is common in criminal investigations to identify suspected criminals or in areas of law like paternity checkups. The process of obtaining a DNA fingerprint involves obtaining a fingerprint cell sample from a suspected individual under investigation and extracting its DNA. This is then compared to the samples of DNA from other sources used as evidence like a blood stain from the crime scene. Matching samples can then be used…

  • Why do people have/want children

    Why Do People Have/Want Children? The continuity of human race is driven by human reproduction.In other words, generational progress from time to time is driven by bearing children. As much as people bear children and drive the growth and development of the human race, there are different reasons why people have/want children. These reasons are spread across cultural, social, economic, and political contexts. The three reasons for having/wanting children considered in this paper include biological, familial, and personal pleasure.People have/want children because they feel they have a biological role to play. This perspective is backed up by Bernard Berelson in his essay, The Value of Children: A Taxonomical Essay. Berelson…

  • Strengths and Weakness as a Writer

    In high school, writing involved descriptive writing, which mostly involves creating a word picture of places, people, feelings, and objects. Careful choice of points is used to express an idea to the reader, which is also a common feature in college, particularly when formulating a compare/contrast writing assignments (Wyrick, 2013). However, at college, writing is much wider and is different from high school since you are required to offer a description, for instance about a particular biological process, with much greater details that necessitate an extensive study and research before coming up with a credible paper. In a biology major, the essential writings encompass multiple writing strategies depending on the…

  • Cancer and How It Develops

    Cancer is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of cells, invasion of surrounding tissue and metastasis through which other locations in the body are affected. These characteristics differentiate a malignant tumor from a benign tumor which is an abnormal but localized tissue mass that can be surgically removed. Genetic abnormalities accumulate in cancerous cells and exhibits changes in the cell shape, nuclei and organization. These cells can be distinguished by its unusually large and irregular nuclei. Such pre-cancerous cells proliferate uncontrollably on its way to malignancy. However a tumor on reaching a critical mass secretes chemicals to tempt blood vessels to invade the tumor to provide a channel for its nutrient…

  • Methods Section Rubric

    The Absorbency of Paper Towels Partners’ s TA’s Biology Lab Report 30 September Materials and Methods The experiment sought to determine the absorbance of two types of paper towels namely premium paper towel and premium recycled paper towel. It was hypothesized that the cloth-like texture of the premium paper towel would lead to better absorbance than the recycled paper towels. The independent variable was the type of paper towel while the dependent variable was mass of water absorbed. Twelve dry pieces of both brands of paper towel were taken out, weighed using a measuring scale, and their weight was recorded. The paper towels were put on trays and made wet…

  • Intellectual Property Law in the UK

    Margaret is currently negotiating with Leo (a Canadian inventor) to move into a partnership contract between them. It has been noted that Leo has emerged with a new idea which later led to the development of a waterproofing compound that can protect fabrics and tents. The compound developed by Leo also has the ability to protect fabrics from sunlight. Leo gets this particular idea from his grandfather who also mentioned this particular technique in his autobiography named ‘Cold Prospector’ which was published by the Manitou Press of Saskatchewan in the year 1932. The compound that has been developed by Leo has a particular chemical substance that is primarily obtained from…

  • Skinny Models to Everyday Women

    The Research proposal proves vital for the well being of all women. Just imagine Michael Angelo sculpting an Ally McBeal? Or Rembrandt painting Naomi Campbell? Or even Jane Austen portraying her female protagonist Elizabeth in beautiful gowns with nothing but bones and skin over her body? Besides saving Marble for the statue, paint, and material for the painting, and word space to describe her heroine, there seems little achievement in choosing such models to depict the concept of beautiful women, in the field of art, literature or society, be it in the early 1500 century or the 21 century we are living in. But that was a time when there…

  • A Critique of One Hundred Percent American Article and Doing Anthropology MIT Anthropology Video

    The antiquity of the thinker is told “as if” it might be condensed to a four-act piece. If the symbol of a sequence of acts looks boring or that the advent to the excellence of the human brain is too solid, then the production is an enjoyable surprise. Before Darwin, numerous scholars penned about the ancestries of man as well as the commencements of mental life. Such literature, however, were forthrightly speculative since there were few concurred-upon pieces of evidence. There as no comprehensive hypothetical frame in which to place facts and beliefs. The article articulates that, in addition, he inspired scholars of biology and anthropological behavior to and construe…

  • Cancer biology

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