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  • The Demise of Colonial Education

    The first thing that must be understood is how relevant this system of education to the political agenda of the countries asserting their independence. One thing that must be understood is that education is a tool to open the eye about the problems of the world and look for the solutions that are feasible and reasonable. However, this system of education by the colonizers became a tool to forward the deplorable political agenda and harsh practices by the Western powers in very problematic situations. Certain problems that occurred in these colonized systems of education. In Africa back then, education has been focused on the development of family and civilization. This…

  • Nickel and Dimed Response

    This concept of class does not refer to how bad or how good a person is, but it represents the social and financial status of a person. This book raises a big question that requires an answer: why in our modern, advanced society are we still bound with this problem? Surely we should be making it possible for everyone to rise up out of poverty and low wages, and find a decent, respectable job which can lead to the education and job opportunities that are available to the middle class. Ehrenreich tries an experiment and her book is the story of how she attempted to live like a low wage…

  • A Service Concept for the Launch of a New LowCost Chain of Restaurants

    Customers are significant for every business, however, for fast food companies, which offer food which is perishable, it is very important to retain customer, create customer loyalty and regulate customers to survive in the increasingly competitive environment, which has been elevated through the globalization of fast-food chains. Brink and Berndt (2004) found that many companies spent a lot of their efforts, money and time to recruit new customers but a few companies took appropriate steps to retain customer and customer loyalty.In 2011, the total revenue generated by the Italian fast food market was $2.1 billion, which represents a negative annual rate from 2007 to 2011. The demand for fast food…

  • The Explanatory Power of Functions of the Variables and One Which Can Influence the National Growth Structure in the Most Effective Way

    Since the proper functioning of an economy is dependent upon the efficient operation of the domestic financial sector, so, a crisis-affected financial system of an economy needs to be attended readily. A robust financial sector can bail a nation out of many crucial phases which makes its well-being of prime importance for the administration of the nation. On the other hand, education is another factor which has the capacity to brighten the future prospects of the nation, through educating the national youth and training them with special skills, thus enhancing the quality of human capital. Vocational training which forms a part of secondary education in any nation is an integral…

  • International Relations Theory and the War on Terror

    The world forever changed the morning of September 11th, 2001. The attacks on the World Center represented the most serious terrorist acts ever carried out on US soil. A watershed moment in world history, that fateful morning will forever be engrained in the American national psyche. From a political, social, and economic perspective, the hijackings of 9/11 were unparalleled in scope and sheer devastation. In a fascinating article entitled “Measuring the Effects of the September 11 Attack on New York City”, it was estimated that the direct cost of the attack stood at between $33 billion and $36 billion to the city of New York (Orr, Bram Rappaport 55). In…

  • Mahatma Gandhi University

    Additionally, based on the constitutional directive principles, the Ministry has to ensure, through reservations and quotas, an adequate representation of the scheduled classes and the scheduled tribes (those sections of Indian society that have been traditionally economically backward and were not allowed to get an education or participate in the economic growth) and the minorities (based on religious, ethnic or regional considerations) (DHE, 2010). All Universities in India have to follow the directives of the Ministry of government and the legislative framework in setting their missions and objectives.Notes: Most of the structure and legislative system of the Universities in India are drives from the mission of promoting equal opportunities to…

  • International Baccalaureate

    The first IB member schools were predominantly private international schools and included only a very small number of private national institutions or state schools. As the years progressed, more and more schools have been authorized to offer one or more of the IB programs and currently, over half of all IB World Schools are state schools (IBO.org, 2010). IB-trained teachers currently work with 2,823 schools in 138 countries to develop and offer three challenging programs to over 778,000 students across all programs (IBO.org, 2010).The phenomenal and rapid growth of IB schools worldwide stems from its idealistic mission to make students aware, accept, respect and celebrate cultures other than their own.…

  • Dickens and Moral Judgment

    In Great Expectations, Dickens illustrates human nature as he chronicles the development of a young boy, Pip, from a commoner into a gentleman. The story begins with the boy at a very young age, living in the care of his older sister and her down-to-earth husband Joe. This memory includes his meeting with an escaped convict in a graveyard, which provides the foundation for the novel. Following this experience, Pip becomes employed by Miss Havisham and her adopted daughter Estella, using his money on education. Suddenly, he is lifted into the upper class through the intervention of a nameless benefactor. As he gains the knowledge suited for a gentleman, Pip’s…

  • The Economics of Women Men and Work Three Chapters in Focus

    The traditional form of a family is a marriage between the opposite gender and having their own children. The family is tied-up by marriage and blood (Corbett 3). The concern of the third chapter is to analyze and study the family as an economic unit which is not limited to the neoclassical model of a family. The time changed and modernization brought about changes in the system. At present, some states in the United States allow same-sex marriage and the traditional model of a family is not the only family pattern that can be seen today. Afterward, several evaluations must be presented like the specialization and the economic capacity of…

  • The Main Aspects of the Special Education

    In the United States, children with a disability receive protection by federal laws, which make sure that they are admitted to appropriate public schools free of charge.Under the federal laws, among other laws that protect the children with a disability, the two most vital laws are. section 504 and individuals with disabilities education act (IDEA). Section 504 deals with the rehabilitation act of 1973, which is a law on civil rights. This law prohibits any program and activities, be it, private or public that get the federal funds from any discrimination towards the children with disabilities. This law covers every public school district. Section 504 recognizes disability as any mental…

  • Teacher Readiness Student Achievement and Praxis Scores

    In fact, the National Commission on Excellence in Education (1983) has utilized test scores to indicate that the United States was losing its worldwide leadership position, which resulted in the focus of educational reform in the realm of politics.Given such a focus on testing for screening and accrediting teacher candidates, the present study intends to investigate the validity of this measure by studying its correlation with teacher readiness and student achievement.The usage of testing and assessment to increase schools’ accountability has significantly developed throughout the 1990s. For instance, Texas has been the acknowledged leader in test-focused educational reform through its Texas Assessment of Academic Skills. 1998 marked the passage of…

  • Graduate Student Services

    This theory is tested by a review of the literature of the goals of graduate students and the difficulties they have in meeting those goals and how graduate students are required to respond to and identify those difficulties. The researcher also conducted a survey in which approximately five thousand six hundred students were participants. The survey was designed to solicit information from the participants relative to their preferred method for the delivery of graduate student services. This dissertation concludes with the finding that contrary to the literature review, graduate students at these three institutions did not have a preference for a decentralized system of delivery of graduate student services.At the…

  • Population Health in Saudi Arabia Asthma

    Saudi Arabia is a country where allergic diseases, in particular, asthma are very common among the school-going, children. The disease is a growing concern for the Saudi government since it leads to increased absenteeism in schools, lack of social and sports activities. Several studies have been carried out in this regard which proves the point that despite the fact that asthma medicines are available easily still asthma is on the rise among school children (Frayh et al. 2001).Asthma has been defined in different ways. The common definition used to define asthma by the clinicians is the “variable airflow obstruction”. Some other definitions also describe asthma as an “inflammatory disease”. However,…

  • Mental Health Week in Australia

    The aim of my activity is to promote mental health, prevent mental health disorders, and if there is any sign of mental ill-health to intervene early so the prognosis is favorable. For the reader to follow this assignment better some terminologies need to be understood with clarity.In this relation, the literature suggests that mental health promotion is a fairly young discipline. Mental health as defined by World Health Organization is a “state of well being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, cope with normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community” (WHO, 2001),…

  • Education for Democracy

    In this respect, it differs drastically from the present-day authoritarian education where only a few people make decisions on what and how students should learn and where education has become a monopoly of an elite minority. This is very well observed by Peace Pledge Union: “In democratic education, students have the power to make decisions about their learning because power is shared rather than appropriated in advance by a minority of people. Education, in its various forms, is authoritarian, since one person or small groups of people make decisions about ‘what to learn when to learn, how to learn, how to assess learning and the nature of the learning environment’.”…

  • Negotiation Analysis

    These other considerations are often difficult to value, since they are frequently based on uncertain or qualitative considerations, rather than easily measurable and quantifiable factors.” (Wikipedia, Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement).It is normal for every company to come about bonds and contracts that will oblige their employees to continuously serve for the company after they get training or education that was provided by the establishment. This procedure is somewhat reasonable, the company gets to spend on the personnel’s development, and in return, the employee will need to work for the establishment for the required period. However, it should be remembered that such a benefit is not given to anyone.…

  • Lets Talk About Sex Baby

    One of these may be mental and emotional anguish that affects a person’s overall health.A need for a health promotion program for the youth is a necessary step in ensuring their health regardless of their concerns. Establishing a support group for a certain issue of concern would be highly beneficial to the growth and development of adolescents.A good health program takes into account all dimensions of a person’s development. Ewles Simnett (2004) summarize the various aspects needed to be addressed in health promotion. It should include the physical or how the body functions. mental or how the person thinks and makes judgments. social or how one maintains relationships. emotional or…

  • Anne Hutchinson a Radical Thinker and Activist

    The status of women in society then was radically different from what it is today both in England and the new continent America (Paul P). It was a patriarchal society and women were treated as inferior to men in all spheres of life and this concept also enjoyed religious sanction in the laws framed by the Puritans in the colonies. The lawmakers had their own norms and culture. Women, they pleaded, were weak in body as well as in mind. They fell easy prey to the worldly passions of sex, money and power. They were perceived as the images of Eve and deserved punishment for violation, of the codes, if…

  • Critical Review of Inclusion Reports

    Despite a large increase in the number of countries and schools that are now taking advantage of inclusion practices as a means of better serving their students, there has been a low number of studies actually conducted evaluating the effect this practice has had on the average working teacher. Chris Forlin has taken part in two such studies, however, as a means of trying to identify any specific problem areas inclusion has created in Australian schools as the first step in determining the best means of relieving any excessive occupational stress felt by teachers. The primary focus of each article is in determining the actual human costs of inclusion practices…

  • Beneficiary of the Financial Liberalization

    Financial liberalization involves reduction of regulations and involvement of regulatory agencies in the financial system of a given country or region. It refers to the ‘deregulation of domestic financial markets and the liberalization of the capital account’ (Ranciere, Tornell Westermann, n.d, p.1). The financial system broadly refers to the lending system in a given country and includes the players like banking institutions, the central bank, the treasury in a country, or the money markets authorities. Financial liberalizations will have varying effects on the players in different industries at the national, regional, or international levels. While some economies may suffer the negative consequences of financial liberalizations, other players in the economy…

  • Occupy Wall Street Moral and Economic Implications

    The movement was founded with the intention of bringing to light some of the issues, which face the modern-day human beings (Walsh, 2011). These are majorly economic conditions, which are exhibited in a society, which is largely capitalistic in nature (Boxer, 2011). It is perceived that the Occupy Wall Street Movement is one, which is of North American descent. However, this is not the case. This movement is one, which has gained popularity to an extent that its presence is now felt in close to 82 countries in the world (Townsend, et al, 2011). In the recent past, income inequality has been seen to increase. This is majorly due to…

  • Econ Questions

    These fresh British measures were attributed to be the one apparent economic reason for the revolt. The economic cause which was the wish to break free from the British trade guidelines along with other causes led to the American Revolution (Stanley, 2012. Rockoff Walton, 2009).The American Revolution was caused as a result of two common movements. The movements entailed the fightback for self national independence as well as self-government along with the fightback between the people of America for the desire of increased democratic order. However, the revolution had a profound economic cause which was the unequal allocation of soaring levels related to the material welfare of the colonial Americans…

  • Sex and Greed in Chaucers The Canturbury Tales

    “The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale” are the two best among all the tales to highlight the feelings of people about their suppressed sexual life and the values they hold in their life. Chaucer especially made the reference of a woman with her prologue as he goes on describing her and the story she would narrate. He even goes on describing about her clothing in his General Prologue. She holds a unique position among the pilgrims but evidences suggest that though she was earlier assigned a different tale to tell as was told by Shipman yet fortunately for her she received her own tale to tell as her importance…

  • Ford Strategic Management

    How did this come about and what are the chances of revival and survival? The first answer lies in the loss of competitive advantage and poor management strategies. The second lies in radical turnarounds again based on new strategic planning.It is well established that companies devise strategies for competitive advantage (Porter M.E., 1985). He further elaborates that Competitive strategy is about being different and offering a unique product or service (Porter, M.E., 1996). It means intentionally selecting a different set of activities to deliver a unique mix of value. In manufacturing, the activities remain the same, but their priorities and linkages are planned and routed differently to develop a unique…

  • Impact of the Crisis on the Economic Performance

    The economic crisis that swept across the globe also affected the United States in a big way. As early as 2000, the US had already started experiencing a financial crisis that no one took as seriously as was expected. The economic crisis has affected many aspects of the US economy. Although the worst part of the crisis seems to be over, there is no denying the impact it had on the whole of the US economy (Wolf, 2009).Companies have been forced to close down while thousands of people have lost their jobs and found themselves in bankrupt situations. Inflation has shot up and the national debt has risen to unprecedented…

  • Tesco Market Environment and Resource Capability Analysis

    The force driving the revolution is changing consumer characteristics. Speed, convenience, and fresh food – these are the benefits that consumers have been able to derive through shopping at retail supermarkets. Tesco is the biggest retailer in terms of market share and has ventured into several foreign markets. Tesco has two distinguishing features – it is the UK’s largest retailer in terms of market share and the world’s biggest e-grocer (Yoruk Radosevic, 2000). The market environment analysis of Tesco’s presence in China would demonstrate the strategic changes that Tesco may need to incorporate to attain maximum results.Since China has opened up for foreign direct investment in the manufacturing and financial…

  • Importance of Education in Life

    The importance of education in life is growing, and therefore it cannot be limited to the period of study. The urgent need for a constant increase in the level of knowledge and education has led to the emergence of such an interesting phenomenon in public life as continuing education. This process is accompanied by the search for new forms and methods of teaching that contribute to the proper formation of the scientific worldview, the need for a deeper understanding of economic and social changes taking place. Education is the oldest social institute, caused by the need of society to reproduce and transmit knowledge, skills, to prepare new generations, to prepare…

  • Imperialism of Free Trade and the British Empire

    l critics of Tucker’s theories, arguing that despite all the apparent advantages, there would come a limit, a ‘ne plus ultra’, at which point, by begetting disadvantages, the progress of the rich nation would be halted. (p. 581) The fears of David Hume will be substantiated by the decline of the British Empire amid the imperialism of free trade.In order to present this paper’s arguments clearly, it is imperative to define imperialism in relation to free trade so parameters will be drawn. According to Richard Pares, imperialism in relation to free trade is, first of all, a process and policy aimed at developing complementary relations between the high industrial technique…

  • Price Elasticity of Demand

    Rationality will be the guiding principle for both the consumers and the producers in making economic decisions.This paper tries to examine the factors related to changes in the price of beef and the behaviours of both consumers and suppliers of beef towards it. In analyzing price elasticity of the demand and supply of beef, discussions on market price, determinants of price elasticity of demand and supply were also made. Related articles on demand and supply of food and grains like corn are utilized to achieve the goal of producing an intelligent analysis of the issues reflected in the article. And for better understanding of some of these economic concepts, illustrated…

  • Policy Research Program on How the US Will Deal with the North Korea Nuclear Program Conflict

    First of all, North Koreans could be trying to create a new relationship with the United States. On the other hand, this country could have been engaging in such a program in order to deter the United States. (Coughlin, 2000)In fact, during the past, some people have asserted that the reason why North Korea has been doing this is so that they could foster trade agreements or other economic aids. On the other hand, the west would have the ability to restrain weapons made by past communist governments in North Korea. Not all people believe that this is the latter statement is the truth but it is difficult for one…

  • Conflict Resolution Concepts and Definitions

    It is for this reason that there are different bodies and organization such as the United Nations and European Union who are charged with ensuring that there is neighborliness among all member countries and that major issues that has to do with the peace and economic stability of a nation becomes the concern of all member nations (Doyle, 2001). Again, considering the cost of resolving issues of national conflicts of different kinds, it has always been the concern of these organizations to ensure that peace is rather maintained than brokered. What this means is that member states always want to ensure that the peace that exists in a particular country…

  • What Objectives Have Driven the Development of the EU’s Regional Policy until Today

    Gradual enhancement in member strength of the European Union clearly reflects its regional policy with an objective of regional enlargement. The integration of economies of more number of European countries has been its main objective since its formation (Brent F Nelsen and Alexander Stubb, 2003). It mainly due to the fact the globalization and liberalization demand fast changes and higher flexibility. It also demands the reorientation of strategies to face global competition.The regional integration will certainly aid the European Union to compete well in world trade. The enlargement of the European Union also helped in consolidating security positions (Erik Holm, 2001). Keeping this in view, the EU allowed continuing the…

  • Occupational Fraud Policies and Procedures to Combat It

    In 2008, the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners’, or ACFE’s ‘Report to the Nation,’ has estimated that an average of 7 percent of the revenue generated by a company is due to instances of fraud. This means that if calculated from the Gross Domestic Product of the United States, this instantly leads to financial losses that may amount up to an estimate of $ 994 billion. It has been reported that the increase in thefts within an organization by its own members or employees has been largely due to the economic crisis and the desperation of needing or wanting money that is not legally owned (Kranacher 80). The 2008 Report…

  • Investment Strategy and Portfolio Management

    This report consists of a detailed view of the current investment environment, different possible asset allocations, the extent to which active and passive investment style to be used by the company, and actions to be taken by the fund.For the best allocation of assets, detailed insight into the investment environment is imperative. This part of the report deals with the investment environment and major issues relating to it. The main component of the investment environment is an economic condition. The global economy is currently in a growth path. United Nations gave out a projected growth of 2.4% for the world economy. The United Nations was also cautious about the implementation…

  • The Dimensions of Social Responsibility and the Consequences for Corporate Financial Performance

    The Dimensions of Social Responsibility and the Consequences for Corporate Financial Performancelikely to renew the interest in identifying the dimensions and consequences of corporate social responsibilities.Cameron has suggested that multiple perspectives of organizational effectiveness exist and that "consensus regarding the best, or sufficient, set of indicators of effectiveness is impossible to obtain".The same arguments can be made regarding social performance as a specific aspect of overall corporate performance. Social responsibility continues to be a poorly defined as well as difficult to measure concept. There appears to be no real agreement as to what constitutes social performance. What is indicated is the need to apply measures which address multiple criteria of…

  • How Employment in Uganda is Affected by Direct Investments from the Abroad

    In spite of the discouragement caused by the tyrannical regime of Idi Amin from 1971 to 1979, foreign investors still find Uganda a favorable place for investment. This has been enhanced by the government’s efforts to attract investors through many favorable investment policies.Foreign Direct Investment usually has significant effects on employment in any economy. It is important for these effects to be understood to enable governments to determine whether the investments are worth the incentives forwent to encourage them. This paper presents a case study of the effects of Foreign Direct Investment on employment in Uganda. It presents answers to the questions of. what the level of FDI is in…

  • Iranian Reform Movement

    In the case of Iran, the chain of blowbacks was rather devastating and the series of reactions that were let loose forced the United States of America to pay a very heavy price for decades on end.Mosaddeq had come to power in 1951 riding on the back of massive support from nationalist elements that were smarting for half a century from the patently unfair revenue sharing arrangement the country had with British government-controlled Anglo-Iranian Oil Company that enjoyed exclusive authority over the entire oil reserves of Iran. The revenue-sharing arrangement was heavily biased against Iran in as much as it provided for only 16% of the profits from the venture…

  • Key Features of the Economic Development of East Asia

    It can be seen that the major part of the mid-40s to the 1950s was spent in picking up the ashes of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and only later did Japan try to start off as a producer of small and medium-sized goods in electronics and household appliances. The commitment of the people and the Government was nothing short of legendary and this enabled an economic miracle in Japan. Right from the 1960s, Japan has experienced consistent growth. In fact, the average growth rate of GNP was estimated at a whopping 10 percent in the decade of the 1960s, which reduced to 5 percent in the 1970s and further to 4…

  • European Business

    All these factors had a negative effect on the labour market. thus employment growth rate came to zero on the quarter to quarter basis (E.C. “Economic slowdown hits labor market”).The slowdown in the labour market clearly indicates that the manufacturing sector got most affected and the effect of the financial crisis is clearly visible on the trade sectors. Thus the risk related to businesses has increased by many folds, but there are many sectors which have shown sign of opportunity even in such gloomy economical environment, one of such sector is the tourism sector. Just before the onset of the global economic recession, this sector was booming in EU, and…

  • Price Controls applied by the Qatar Government

    Agriculture is also a vital sector in the Qatar economy because of the objective of Qatar, which is food security. Qatar is the main importer of agricultural goods. Price Floors regards the minimum prices put by the government for particular goods and services, which it considers producers to be trading in an unjust market with very low prices, and hence such producers, need some assistance. Price floors become a problem when the government puts them higher than the equilibrium price. Once the prices are higher than the market price, there is a likelihood that there will be a surplus or excess supply. In case this takes place, producers who cannot…

  • Lowering Gas and Oil Prices Will Assist in Stimulating the Economy

    Given the deep linkages that exist between these stages of the production cycle, this paper argues that higher oil prices may not be a bad thing after all.Any discussion on the dynamics of Oil is incomplete or irrelevant without a reference to Peak Oil. By definition, Peak Oil is the point in time when the maximum rate of global petroleum extraction is reached, after which the rate of production enters terminal decline. The rate of production from Oil fields, regions, or countries follows an exponential growth curve and then starts to decline. This means that extraction of oil from existing sources and new sources hits a maximum at a certain…

  • Effects of Foreign Direct Investment and Import Tariffs on Iran Car Industry

    Iran car industry is the country’s second-biggest industry after the petroleum industry. Iran started its Automobile industry in 1960. The first step taken by some young entrepreneurs was to produce The Body of Benz automobiles. By 1966 the company was able to assemble Hunter automobiles. In 1979 the first ‘Paykan’ was manufactured which was put out the production in 2005. Currently, Iran Khordro and Saipa are known as the main car producers among the other 25 automakers. Iran produces a wide range of cars including large buses and heavy automobiles, minibusses, heavy-duty trucks, medium-sized trucks, vans, motorbikes and passenger cars.In the last 12 years, the Iran automobile industry has grown…

  • The Four Attributes of Michael Porters Diamond of National Competitive Advantage

    Porter (1990) showed that the success of a nation in a competitive international market system depends on four broad attributes. These attributes individually and systemically constitute the diamond of national competitive advantage.The factors used in classical economic theories to explain absolute advantage (as in the case of Adam Smith) and comparative advantage of nations (by David Ricardo) were capital, labour, natural resources, land and infrastructure. Porter proved that these ‘basic factors’ were not adequate to constitute a competitive advantage for nations. Rather these basic factors are transformed into ‘key’ specialized factors through heavy and sustained investment (118). Hence factors that constitute advantage are created by nations rather than inherited and…

  • Balanced Versus Unbalanced Growth

    A big-push implies a lumpsum effort to revive the society from the clutches of underdevelopment, where the lumpsum effort indicates a simultaneous thrust on more than one sector in a country. Conversely, the fundamental picture behind an unbalanced growth strategy is to inject the growth stamina in a selected sector from which the mechanism will trickle-down to a number of others. The main advocates of unbalanced growth strategy were Hirschman, Nurkse and Streeten, who pointed out that the framework in a developing nation is mainly an unbalanced one, and thus, it is important to inject an unbalanced growth strategy to improvise or rather balance the scenario.Balanced growth was the first…

  • The Star Phenomenon of Will Smith

    The star phenomenon is said to have begun in the 1820s, when “certain actors’ names” were printed in theatre advertisements (Branston and Stafford, 2003, 108). It was in the 1970s that study of stardom and celebrity status was included in the academic discourses. (Redmond and Holmes, Preface to Stardom and celebrity: A reader, 2007, 5). This was only after, “manufacturing and marketing of celebrities” had become a big industry itself. (Rein et. al., 1997, 1-2). The economic, historical and psychological aspects of celebrityhood have been discussed at length by many scholars since then.The economic angle produced observations like “the cultural industries …produce the famous for surplus profit” (Redmond and Holmes,…

  • Perceived Effects of Outsourcing in America

    The strategy was promoted during the 1980s and rationalized by experts that the United States is evolving from manufacturing to a service-based economy (Hira Hira. 2005) According to experts, the phasing out of manufacturing jobs through outsourcing is part of economic progress. Labour-intensive jobs such as manufacturing will now be relegated to developing countries so that the U.S. can focus on high-wage, high-skill service and other jobs. According to them, the shipping of these labour-intensive low-paying manufacturing jobs will not hurt the economy as the country will then move to a higher level.For developing countries and its people across the globe, this is a welcome opportunity since the presence of…

  • King Philips War

    During fifty-five years after the arrival of Mayflower, with her first settlers from England, history reveals that the settlers were becoming prospered and multiply while the natives were decreasing due to diseases contracted by the settlers of which they had no cure.With a growing population and the need for economic expansion and survival, land ownership and rights often became the source of conflict between the settlers and the natives. Not only the Indians were declining in numbers due to death but also, according to global security, they were sold by the settlers as slaves into the Caribbean. Agriculture was the main source of economic production of the native and the…

  • Managerial Economic

    Some of these tools include SWOT and PEST that provide a good analysis of the factors that affect a business.The economic investigation involves an all-inclusive study of nationwide, regional, and global economic trends and performance, represents an exceedingly important phase in the development of strategy planned, set up, and rising businesses. Economic factors have a straight impact on the possible attractiveness of a range of business ventures. Economic analysis results in indications on various variables including shifts in nature of economy availability of credit, spending inclination of people, the extent of disposable income, inflation rates, interest rates, deficits in the government, trends in gross domestic product, consumption predictions, joblessness trends,…

  • Credit Crunch Since Summer 2007

    The US economy affects the entire world economy as they partner with individuals and businesses around the world. This can be explained by Mitchell’s theory of the business cycle which emphasizes that the dynamic phases of the cycle in the economic activity can be explained by the augmentation and the squeeze of the profit margins which in turn affect many important variables. This is exactly how a chain reaction has taken place in the global financial markets which have been described as ‘multifaceted’ and ‘complex’. Excess liquidity, the ‘savings glut’ in global financial markets, inadequate asset/liability and risk management practices of financial institutions, the un-orderly proliferation or the increase in…

  • Continuous Rise in the Price of Oil Is Likely to Cause Global Economic Meltdown

    Ever since the early seventies, the UK has become a producer and net exporter of Oil. Normally an increase in oil prices should have spelled a boom for the economy but there are factors that have negated this possibility.Exports have been very important to the UK and its largest trading partner is the USA which has a 15% share of our exports. But the rising oil prices have a different impact on the US. It is a net importer of oil hence pays a huge price and it leads to a possible recession. It shores it up by increasing interest rates which make imports attractive to them. But the downside…

  • Unemployment Theory and Practice

    In Keynes’ view, the rate of growth ensured that there was full or less than full employment. If the rate of economic growth were less than that of the underlying rate of population growth, then unemployment increased. the converse was also true.Keynes posited that economic growth was due to demand increases. Demand for Keynes was defined as the total amount of resources devoted to buying goods. in his model, all demand was equal. If, for example, the private sphere increased personal consumption, that added to growth. The same was true for industry: if they increased investment or expenses, then their increases in spending promoted growth. During the Depression, Keynes proposed…

  • Criminal Justice System Interventions Family Violence

    Consequently, among the numerous discourses on masculinity available within a particular culture at a specific instance, “There are differences and tension between hegemonic and complicit masculinities, oppositions between hegemonic masculinity and subordinated and marginalized masculinities” (Connell 2005: 242). Hence, while there are a variety of masculinities present for boys and men to take on such as being macho, straight, and perceptive just one of these patterns can take up the hegemonic space (Gardiner 2002).The concept of hegemonic masculinity had an influence on the criminal justice system. A great deal of criminal data shows that men and boys commit more of the usual crimes as well as the more severe of…

  • On Turning Ten by Billy Collins

    This poem flawlessly signifies a crucial thematic element of change during the process of understanding how tough life can be. As such, it is a driving force that enables people to see the present life from a different perspective. This poem helps the reader to know these changes since the narrator includes realistic arguments that have happened in his own life. In that regard, this poem analyses the application of negative overtones, imagery, and similes used in the poem to analyze the work of the author categorically.The narrator writes the first sestet to juxtapose how he was ten and how he experiences severe headaches, stomach pains, psyche mumps, and measles.…

  • The Most Important Element in the Profitability of Pizza Hut

    Pizza Hut has also received the best performance certifications from all over the world in the available best food and restaurant chains.The original design of the Pizza was adapted firstly in Wichita. Since 1977 it is the best of all available food restaurants in the market and is leading the market position in a reputable manner with an extended product range and customers.The history of Pizza Hut tells that it has always been the most successful in delivering the best products and services with highest available quality to its customers at very economical rates thus making it as a first choice for the food lovers.The current research is going to…

  • Management Information System

    1.Determination of the research question is the first and the foremost demand of any research endeavor. In this step, the researcher can focus on the complexity of the subject within consideration and tries to seek answers to a few questions starting with ‘how’ and ‘why’. 2.The second step is to determine the type of case study. Whether it be intrinsic due to researcher’s personal interest, or instrumental for more than mere surface knowledge about the issue, or collective because of the consideration of a group of similar cases, or exploratory, or explanatory, or descriptive. 3.After the determination of the type of research type, the next is to select the data…

  • Semantic Web System

    The semantic web at its core includes a set of collaborative working groups, design principles, and a verity of facilitative technologies. A few parts of the Semantic Web are projected as potential future possibilities that have not yet been put into practice or executed. The formal elements of Semantic Web include notations like RDF Schema, the Web Ontology Language, Resource Description Framework, a variety of data interchange formats like N3, N-Triples, Turtle, RDF/XML, which intend on providing a prescribed description of terms, relationships and concepts within the knowledge domain given.Man has the capability of using the Web to carry out his day to day chores. one may use the Web…

  • Human Resources in USoft

    Other factors that make U-Soft employees work below their capabilities include poor leadership skills among the managers and lack of work promotion opportunities.To increase the work performance of employees, the HR manager of U-Soft should draft new HR policies, remuneration packages, and work flexibility options. These strategies are effective in terms of motivating employees to improve their overall work performance. Likewise, the HR manager should also connect with colleges and universities to enable the company to hire some of the most competitive young individuals who are highly skilled in software development and design.U-Soft is a software production company that also operates in online gaming. Being a service-oriented firm with technical…

  • The Customer Satisfaction Study

    A second type of question, particularly in the preliminary part of the study should address their expectations. Why did they attend, and what did they expect to gain from attendance. We should also seek suggestions for improving the conference in the future. A few questions should address the logistics of travel, timing, location, accommodations, and services.In the case of this study, none of these, usually quite critical considerations, are relevant, since the target audience comprises 100 market research professionals. Firstly, the target sample is uniquely knowledgeable on the topic of market research, and will, therefore, be more critical of the questionnaire, but also they will be likely to give relevant…

  • Can terror ever be legitimately employed in conflict

    The Theory of orthodox terrorism is designed to make the state perceive terrorism as illegitimate, illegal and a violent challenge to the state. This perception is only applied to internal terrorism within a state or to external terrorism. The orthodox theory also allows the state to use terror acts, as a response to any perceived internal threats. The orthodox discourse is protected under the social contract and enforced by the Regime terror theory or the state rule by fear and violence. The Orthodox terrorism theory perceives the use violence as synonymous with the state and is necessary for the state to exist. The idea of terrorism and violence is rooted…

  • The Cycle of Leadership

    Circumstances that pose an immediate danger to life, property, sales revenues, however, may lead to other leaders arising from a lower level in the ranks to take charge. A building on fire or a company vehicle tied up in an accident traffic accidents and workers are indecisive as top what to do, are also typical examples of situations where participants will be required to make quick decisions. However, in the design of a product, choosing the most economical distribution routes, the location of the best manufacturing sites, as well as who to employ to fill certain positions, require considering alternatives, as well as others, and has to be done by…

  • An Analysis of a Budget Proposal

    A budget calls for realism that would be based on established facts and not on hunches only, and it is necessary to find out where the figures have been based.To start with, there is a need to view the competition in this kind of magazine and find out if it satisfies the need of the potential customers. The magazine is about interior design, so there is a need to consider the population and the economic growth in the location, and lastly, according to a study, a customer profile must be developed. (“Conduct a ….”)Accuracy of forecast is often influenced by external factors such as the trends in the industry, size,…

  • Dry Bulk Cargoes

    This may occur particularly in the case of cargo such as grain for example, where individual grains start to sink during the course of a voyage, resulting in air being forced out and creating a gap between the top of the cargo and the hatch cover, which in turn causes the cargo to move about as the ship rolls and pitches. 2 A ship is then subjected to the danger of capsizing, and the large hatchways in bulk cargo carriers which are provided to enable efficiency in the handling of cargo, can result in flooding that may potentially sink the ship.In recent years, dry bulk carriers have been associated with…

  • Ellen Schall and the Department of Juvenile Justice

    In this regard, after reviewing the facts of the case, the key formal mandates, “codified in laws, regulations, ordinances, articles of incorporation, charters” (Bryson 97) affecting the Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) are as follows: (1) the New York City Charter’s explicitly defining two duties for DJJ to operate the facilities as well as to develop and supervise the programs, in general. (2) to detain7 to 15-year-old children between arrest and adjudication. (3) to abide by the Mayor’s advice to the newly appointed Schall as Commissioner (“Don’t’ let any of them get out” and “Do as much as you can for them” (Varley 4). and the (4) adoption of the…

  • Business Overview of Nike Inc

    Nike’s vision is “to carry on the legacy of innovative thinking, whether to develop products that help athletes of every level of ability reach their potential or to create business opportunities that set Nike apart from the competition and provide value for our shareholders”. According to Nike’s vision for the future, they keep introducing innovative products in the market. Like, recently, they are going to launch the Nike “Studio Wrap” in 2013, which are fashionable ‘barely there’ shoes, designed for people who are more into modern studio workouts like dance, Pilates and yoga. These shoes are the picture-perfect mix of innovation, style, and athletic requirements. Products like these by Nike…

  • The Direct Effect of Directives and Majority Voting Rule on Decisions

    For example, EU law provides that no Council decision can be binding and executory unless it was voted by two-thirds of the Council membership. This paper discusses the conflicts often engendered by acts of the Council that have not been introduced into the national laws of member states, as well as the integrity and applicability of its decisions. In so doing, the paper presents two case scenarios involving consumer welfare and fair trade promotion as embodied in acts of the Council that run into controversy.The European Council, seeking to bolster consumer protection laws in member states, adopted a directive on May 1, 2005, granting consumers the right to cancel any…

  • The Marketing Process and the Four Major Components of the Marketing Mix

    The marketing mix consists of a set of marketing tools that can be utilized by a firm to implement its marketing strategy based on the desires of the target market. There are four variables that composed the marketing mix that is referred too as the 4Ps which are product, price, promotion, and place. There are four variables that composed the marketing mix that is referred too as the 4Ps which are product, price, promotion, and place.The report offers various real-life examples of how the marketing mix has been applied by business firms in order to formulate effective marketing strategies. The perspectives of the company as well as the customer views…

  • A Design of a Compact Public Transportation for the Elderly and Physically Challenged

    Having private transportation is a luxury because not all of us can afford a private vehicle, those that cannot afford such kind of luxury are forced to use public transport, but again for those people who have a certain kind of disabilities, thereare problems and concerns that are needed to be addressed whenever they would use public transport. Some specific examples of these concerns are The ingress and egress of the public (i.e. persons with certain disabilities have difficulties on how they step inside and outside a public transport), additionally, the height, seating space, fumes emitted, and suspension system of the public vehicle does not consider the special requirements of…

  • Customer Service of Hilton Hotels

    In 1919, Conrad Hilton bought his first hotel which was called The Mobley, located in Cisco, Texas (see picture). Six years later, he built his first hotel in Dallas and aptly named it ‘The Hilton.’ This was the start of a chain of hotels across the country, which found its way to countries abroad as well. 1995 was the year when the Hilton Hotels Corporation invaded the internet with its website, www.hilton.com. (Hilton Hotels Corp, 2008). For Hilton, this turned out to be a good move, since it meant that they could reach out to their clients on a wider level to find out more about their needs and wants…

  • Implementing the Leadership Strategies

    In an organization, it is the leadership that is responsible for directing the efforts of its resources towards its ultimate objective. Strategies are planned and executed by leaders. Only a clear vision can ensure the success of a strategy. Delegation of responsibility and supervision is possible only when the strategy has been clearly laid out in accordance with such a vision.I work for a software company as its chief architect and design software for clients according to their requirements. My role is to understand the requirements and process flows in order to design an application catering to the needs and enhancing it to the level of expectations of the client.…

  • Esterline Technologies and Lean Manufacturing

    With this strong financial performance, analysts expressed their positive outlook for Esterline Technologies: “According to analysts reports, 206 revenues were likely to exceed $1 billion.”The success of Esterline in its operation is also indicated by its capability of achieving Tier-1 supplier status with two of its largest customers. Tier-1 supplier status puts the business organization into a more advantageous situation, which gives it higher bargaining leverage. On the other hand, it also highlights the company’s current performance. Cremin notes that Tier-1 status “means that you can handle the next biggest thing. you can be trusted, you’re reliable, and you have financial strength.”Lean manufacturing has been instrumental in the deployment and…

  • Design as Lifestyle How Has Chinese Design Development Affected Chinese Lifestyle

    DISCUSSION: Graphic designers combine visual signs, symbols, and images into a visual-verbal presentation that the audience can understand. The graphic designer is both a message maker and a form builder and introduces order and clarity from the relationships between the elements (Meggs, 1992:1-3). Another aspect of the designer’s task is to infuse the content with resonance through the use of scale and contrast, cropping of images, and the choice of typefaces and colors. Graphic forms have a dual role: visual design and graphic communication.Shanghai artists who trained in Japan or Europe were inspired by Western design. They adapted in their work: worldwide art and design trends, particular Art Deco and…

  • Strategic Human Resource Management

    Third is operations where business processes are carried out. Lastly, there is a human resource that is considered by most researchers as essential in the success of any business operation (Terry 1953).Strategic human resource management is a process or an approach to addressing the competitive challenges an organization faces. It is managing the strategies which involve planning and developing human resources for the company and integrates an organization’s major goals and policies to these resources to achieve a competitive advantage (Price 1997).Moreover, strategic human resource management is a holistic process that combines human resource management with strategic management in the design of internally and externally consistent policies and practices that…

  • IT for Supply Chain Management

    To clearly discuss the uses of information technology (IT) and information systems (IS) for supply chain management (SCM), the following definitions that are relevant to the use of information technology (IT) and information systems (IS) for supply chain management (SCM) will be used: Information technology (IT) as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) is: "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." In short, IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit and retrieve information, securely.Information system (IS) is the discipline concerned with the development, use, application, and…

  • Service Operations and Organisational Dynamics Morrison Supermarkets PLC

    When operating in Britain a company has to take into consideration that the specific market is offered for a high level of development. However, the competition involved is usually hard and as a result in order for any company to survive, it has to prove that its quality of services/ products offered to customers can be differentiated from the ones of its competitors. Apart from that, it is necessary that the company will apply an innovative strategy when developing its operational units across the country taking into account that from time to time its strategic plans need to be reviewed in accordance with the demands of the market. On the…

  • Production of a Standard Curve Between Absorbance and Direct Bacteria Account

    The result was positive, because the S. aureus and E.coli grow around the filter paper, so the measure inhibition zone for each compound of sliver with different concentration is zero. As a result, it means that 1PPM of each compound of silver does not work for killing bacteria.A small piece of 7ppm silver has been collected from the Department of Chemistry. Cut it into 4 small pieces and prepare plates and spread 50μl on E.coli and S.aureus and put each small piece in one plate and incubate for 24 hours at 37C.There should be WII, WIII, WIV, WV and WVII there. WVII is an equivalent of WI only done on…

  • The UK Legal Methods and Legal Systems

    Most legal systems do not support well-argued stories on both sides, the reason is, it is not the case the physical universe supports well-argued stories on both sides of the arbitrary proposition of physical chemistry, this not only happens in law, but there is also confident in its regularity that we put lawyers under a professional obligation of zealous representation without even asking whether the client’s case has a leg for zeal to stand on. Why do most cases support well-argued stories on both sides? is it due to the nature of human conduct? is it due to the ambiguity of virtual and responsibility? is it due to the flexibility…

  • Circular Flow Model and Relationship between Economic Development and Women Rights

    The former deals with the overall economic issues and later deals with issues related to individuals or consumers.The action of passing costs for the next best choice when planning or making a decision. In other words, if one chooses alternate over others, then the cost of choosing that particular alternate is the opportunity cost. It is one way or the other the benefit which an individual loses in terms of choosing one particular product over others.e) Comparative advantage: It generally refers to the ability of an individual, group, country, etc to produce goods, services, or products at a lower opportunity cost than its rival (competitors). Usually, it is useful in…

  • How to Acquire the Deep Smart Skills

    This article is aimed at assisting the reader on how to acquire this basic knowledge to become go-to experts. His article will look at the steps followed by Melissa, a salesperson with goods potentials and would like to become a go-to person of her company. She chose her general manager in the company to be her mind since he is the go-to guy in sales. A rare asset Deep smarts consist of a particular way of thinking and decision-making that leads to their success repeatedly. This rare asset is found in just a few individuals. Deep smarts can be hired right out of school or off the street. These skills…

  • Development of Modular Integrated Systems Strategy in Formulating a Manufacturing Strategy

    The manufacturing strategy deals with the decisions of the management related to the matter that how will they manufacture the product, how the resources will be deployed in the production process and how will they arrange and organize the necessary infrastructure to support the activities of the manufacturing process.Manufacturing strategy is a broad term that covers a wide range of decisions and policies that the management of the manufacturing sector has to take to assure the conduction of their work in the right direction of the attainment of their objectives. It basically requires the management of the manufacturing firm to take the major decision regarding some of the key issues.…

  • The Domestic Improvements Registration Act

    On receipt of an application from a person or business of that class of business take account of the following when considering an application for registration :b] Joe has recently applied for registration with BC but his application was turned down. The letter informing him of the decision stated that BC was not satisfied that his business was financially sound, which he disputes, and also that the Council is of the opinion that his style of landscaping is inappropriate for properties in the Council’s area, in particular, his extensive use of garden gnomes.c] Mick applied for registration with BC. When he inquired on the progress of his application, BC’s Trading…

  • Planning the Audit of Dart Valley Railway PLC

    While obtaining the understanding of the entity and the environment of the entity, the auditor has to consider various factors in which the entity performs its business. Obtaining the understanding of the entity also involves the understanding of the nature of the business of the entity, its industrial and regulatory requirements, its organizational and business strategies as well as their internal control and performance reviews and measurements.There are various risks that the financial statements of the companies are exposed to, some of which are client-specific while others are auditor specific risk. These risks are discussed in detail below.The auditors don’t 100% guarantee the fairness of the financial statements which works…

  • Internal Control System Evaluation of Ethnic Store Ltd

    Moreover, auditors instead of auditing the accounts for errors and fraud only, prepare the accounts too, which is a blunder in itself. Not only this, but Edward also does not take complete responsibility as an owner to run the business, rather, but he also leaves the business activities upon the shoulders of his employees who can mal-perform because of the absence of accountability from the top management.Edward has failed to identify the fact that the management of a business has to set various rules and procedures, which the employees and employers have to remain adhered to. Such policies, rules and procedures lay out the guidelines for carrying out different activities…

  • Death of salesman / Willy Loman

    The very name of the protagonist seems to be the pun. The author presents Willy Loman being somehow predestined to be a “low man”. However the protagonist is likely to have had an alternative. Loman believes whole-heartedly in what he regards as the earnest of the American Dream – that a personally “attractive” and a “well-liked” person in business would surely and deservedly obtain the material comfort proposed by the contemporary American life. Oddly enough, his obsession with such superficial qualities as likeability and attractiveness is at odds with a more rewarding and a more gritty understanding of the American Dream. Contrary to Willy’s delusions, however American Dream identifies with…

  • Vital Knowledge Assets Protection Planning Service

    High turnover rates have caused companies to become stagnant in terms of advancement of knowledge. Knowledge sharpens individuals’ skills, increases association productivity and drives innovation Beazley, H. (2003). Knowledge is highly perishable, increases with sharing and is cumulative Beazley, H. (2003). Retirements of experienced and knowledgeable professionals as well as many employees leaving the organization have caused companies lacking valuable knowledge for advancement. A major consumer products company had to delay the launch of its new products due to technical difficulties and lost a major market share because its competitor had launched the same product during that time period. The agony was that the company had developed the solution to…

  • Professional Team Sports as the Product Offered to the Fans

    Making profits is a key aspect of any business venture. This understanding has created interest in finding out the real effect of decisions made by club owners and franchise on the structure and regulation of leagues around the world. In order to get better sales in sports, a high level of competition is required unlike in business where monopoly is the ultimate goal. If there are championships or leagues, the participation of more than two clubs will be necessary to ensure better products to the fans. If one club is far better than the rest and keeps on winning all games with ease, the products become so predictable and therefore…

  • The Concepts of Fair Wages and Employment Standard Codes

    Researchers have often assumed that employers are always ethically appreciative to pay fair wages to the employees whenever possible, in order to keep them motivated and satisfied. However, in the practical scenario, the working environment situations have repeatedly been witnessed to depict the authoritarian power led malpractices conducted by employers in terms of employee exploitation. A best example to this context has been the anti-sweatshop movement which resulted in the establishment of certain rules in terms of international “fair wages’ and employment standards with the intention to protect the human rights and welfare of employees along with rendering due significance towards employers’ interests (Miller, “Why Economists Are Wrong about Sweatshops…

  • Operational Risk Management

    The basic components of a risk management system include identifying and defining the risks the firm is exposed to, assessing their magnitude, mitigating them using a variety of procedures, and setting aside capital for potential losses. Economic modelling is used well in achieving these. The development of empirical models of financial precariousness leads to increased modelling of market risk which is the risk arising from fluctuations of financial asset pricing. Concerning credit risk, models have recently been developed for large scale credit risk management purposes. Categorizing and modelling of risk has some complications and sometimes they do not cover all aspects of the business, for instance, in modelling risk associated…

  • Providing Integrated Logistics Management

    The root of effective supply chain management lies in managing the logistics well and dealing with them in an effective and efficient manner. The implementation of all plans should be quick and such that the flow of distribution is dealt with correctly, whatever its nature. It can either be the forward flow or the reverse flow. (James, 1994)When it comes to business, there can be two kinds of logistics, based on the kind of focus that they have. They are inbound logistics and outbound logistics. Both of them cannot be done in isolation, though many businesses are treating them as separate fields and areas. The challenge that every business has…

  • International and Traditional Entrepreneurship

    International entrepreneurship can be defined as a general means of creating grounds for business success, generating new ideas, as well as creating a base for economically setting up value creation in another country. This definition of international entrepreneurship arises from the fact that IE arises from the desire to expand its operation beyond the borders of the countries of their operation. International entrepreneurship is becoming increasingly important in many economies around the world as corporations take advantage of the vast opportunities availed by globalization. Consequently, companies, both small and large multinationals, are increasingly finding it necessary to expand their operations into other countries or regions so that that they can…

  • The Comprehensiveness of North American Online Reservation Systems

    According to Clemons and Hann (1999), the drastic changes that are being experienced by the travel industry can be associated with the dynamics of the competitive environment. Before the extent of the impact of these modifications in the wider market is assessed and analyzed from a comprehensive perspective it is necessary to highlight the fundamental challenges which Rosenbluth International currently faces. Clemons and Hann (1999) state that an extensive trend which has been observed within the industry by analysts highlights the alarming situation for travel agents as hotel chains and airlines intend to raise the scope of their revenue generation by launching electronic distribution systems. Furthermore, Carroll and Siguaw (2003)…

  • Small vs Big Business Market Competition

    Second factor is the manufacturing, which pertains to the quality of the raw materials that will be used for the product or service. Market availability is also a very important factor in terms of competition. In some instances, competition can also be in terms of availability, not all products and services can be readily available in the market at all times, and in cases like this end users have to get what is available.Product and service pricing, would actually depend on the current market prices, these prices are more often termed as the standard market prices. Benchmarking of prices actually depends on the economical standing of a specific industry, this…

  • Reverse Logistics Principles

    In simple words, reverse logistics is all about moving products from their end point of use in an attempt to try and give them another usable form. According to the Reverse logistics association (2009), reverse logistics encompasses all those activities that appertain to products or services after their sale point, the main aim being to maximize on the product in question so as to address other concerns that relate to environmental and money aspects. On the basis of Smith (2009), reverse logistics is simply the handling of returns of a product. For Smith, logistics reversal happens when customers return the products they had purchased for a variety of reasons. Smith…

  • The Perfectly Competitive Firm

    A market is said to be perfectly competitive when the number of buyers is so enormous, that many small firms are required to participate in the market in order to meet these buyers’ demands. Because both the firms and the buyers are small enough to influence the price, both buyers and sellers can only take the market price of goods as to where to base their transactions. Any deviation from the market price will bring the firm back to the market price in a perfectly competitive situation.When a firm raises its price beyond the market price, selling a product the same as what the other players in the industry are…

  • Continuous Quality Improvement in the U S A Military

    The paper details the efforts of both the Marine Corps and the Air Force to implement systems controls aimed at improving our capability to respond to a rapidly changing external environment. Examples include linking statistical controls to performance assessment, the standardization of procedures in support of the combat mission, a renewed emphasis on training in the concepts of knowledge management, and establishing quantitative metrics that are benchmarked across all four of the major combat departments.The ability to respond quickly in a combat-ready manner to multiple threats around the world is what the new quality initiatives are designed to achieve. The “old culture” of war is no longer in the national…

  • A New Business Idea in Sydney

    The coffee shop, intended to be established following this market plan, after developing a better position in the market will aim towards increased profitability as well as towards being reputed as a renowned coffee shop in Sydney over the next two years. On the commencement of the coffee shop, the consumers will be provided with various high-quality gourmet and espresso coffee services and products which is currently observed to be highly favored by the local customer groups in Australia. The coffee shop will provide better quality coffee with enhanced fragrance or aroma and thus create differentiation within its market sphere. The shop will also be equipped with a friendly atmosphere…

  • Six Sigma

    Organizations are established to be profitable. Successful and profitable organizations provide employment and pay taxes that consequently do good to the community, state, and nation where they manufacture their products or provide their services. Generating a profit is dependent on the number of customers who want an organization’s products and/or services. Customers’ wanting of an organization’s products and/or services is merely the initial step. Every customer has their qualifications concerning the product or service.Effectiveness through addressing and advisably surpassing requirements is merely half the challenge since to be a profitable business enterprise an organization must be efficient. Efficiency implies the quantity of resources consumed to become or maintain effectiveness. Aspects…

  • Analysis of the Attached Mini from Human Resource Point of View

    The most surprising thing is that even the owners of the company are not even aware of anything that is going on within the organization and they do not even know the people who hold strategic positions that ought to give direction to the whole business of the company. This is a major weakness for an organization which is in business and which has quite a big number of employees. When there is no clearly defined structure in the organization, it would be difficult to coordinate the efforts of the employees in one direction. A critical analysis of this position being pursued by this company certainly shows some lack of…

  • HRM Strategy and Implementation

    This paper discusses the issues in relation to research and the opinions of experts in the matter and makes suggestions for improvement of the competitive advantage to a sustainable one with whatever resources the entrepreneur has at hand. Personnel management has been recognized as the solution as this alone can produce a turnaround improvement in the organization. Annual employee appraisal and a regular internal survey both serve to provide a picture of the talent of the employees and their relationship and loyalty to the organization. The attitude and behavior of the CEO needs to change. He has to don the garb of a transformational leader and make efforts to cultivate…

  • An Analysis of Supply Risk Assessment Techniques

    It is important to understand the various concepts of a supply chain in order to comprehend sustainability in business even further. The chain flows from the initial generator of the raw materials to the final person to benefit from the product, that is, the customer. In any business practice, risks are some of the most important aspects to recognize and the management of these threats helps in making the flow of work better and that of the products faster and thus the importance of carrying out research on how to best manage them. The research identifies three aspects of risk management ought to receive a high amount of attention. One…

  • Differences between Leader and Manager and Their Roles in an Organization

    A manager is a person responsible for planning and directing the works of individuals, supervising their works, and taking corrective actions when it is so required. A leader has been defined as a person or a thing that holds a dominant or superior position within its field and is able to exercise a high degree of control or influence over others (Business Dictionary- 2008).A generally accepted consensus is that a manager must possess technical and logistical skills, but a leader must have people skills. A manager, no matter whether he is a manager in a government or business organization, may have obtained his position through time and efforts put into…

  • Managing Expansion Change in Business a Business Organization

    In addition, Mortlock Hotel’s manager has been replaced eight times in the last five years, and the departments in the hotel are demoralized. A significant problem is that customers make regular complaints about service at the hotel. Moreover, the hotel has accrued significant debts, meaning that it has been operating below the break-even point.The aforementioned problems comprise part of what PDR Hotel Resorts will inherit when it finally gets acquisition rights for the Mortloch Hotel. To begin with, PDR Hotel Resorts will have to make a turn around in the quality of services in order to boost customer confidence in the hotel. Secondly, PDR Hotel Resorts will have to develop…

  • The Growth of Ryanair Entrant Airline

    The terrorist attacks of September 11th 2001 along with economic slowdown, the Iraq war and SARS, the aviation industry has suffered a deep slump, particularly in flag airlines. Yet it raises opportunities for the low-fare carrier segment, such as Ryanair that is a rising star in the skies of Europe, has been performing well post 9/11. The aim of this report is to analyse the overall performance of Ryanair in the fast-changing environment, and then a few recommendations will be provided. Conclusions will be drawn at the end of this report.Irish-owned Ryanair, founded in 1985, began to introduce a low cost operating model in the early 1990s. The company primarily…

  • The Leader and Change Agent in Action

    The vital question is setting the objectives of a business enterprise as this has a direct bearing on strategy. The most obvious aim is to make profits and adding to wealth. While making a profit in a profession is possible through the use of personal and individual skills, knowledge, and endeavors. it needs collaborative or participatory effort in a business environment. Therefore profits cannot be made unless they are shared by other stakeholders. employees, workers, suppliers, and shareholders. In the wider context, even the consumer and the society at large have become stakeholders too. For a business to succeed and survive it has become imperative to offer a win-win situation…

  • Company Financial

    All the above factors have to be in alignment with the ultimate objective of any business, maximising profits and wealth. “According to this concept, actions that increase the firm’s profit are undertaken while those that decrease profit are avoided”.Equity Evaluation: the term equity evaluation can be simply termed as the value of stock owned by a company. It is this value which will reflect the profitability and investment possibilities in the company. Stock evaluation is usually done using value of future earnings in current terms which are then adjusted with the expected future growth. But what would happen in case a company is planning to issue more shares or if…

  • Strategic Planning For International Travel

    of its success in luring visitors mostly to its sun-sea-sand tourism strategy and in 2006 alone, its tourism accounted for 12% of its GDP and brought employment to thousands of its citizens. Today, Spain is next to France in terms of the number of tourists and is next to the USA in terms of the value of tourism sales (Travel and tourism in Spain). Another nation which economy got a badly needed shot in the arm and made a spurious revival of its economy, thanks to its beach and sex tour strategy is Thailand. New Zealand, at the moment, is poised to aggressively attract visitors to its pristine mountains, geysers,…

  • The Core Competence of the Corporation

    Identifying opportunities in the external environment and adopting a pre-active response to changes in the consumer markets is a fundamental element in organizations developed around core competencies (Hamel and Prahalad, 1990. 1994). One example of this is the case of Preussag AG. Preussag had traditionally been a company focusing on logistics, information systems and ‘old economy’ business lines such as metal trading, mining and construction (Dittmann et al., 2008). In 1997 the company estimated that the ‘old economy’ business needs to be minimized as possible and that new diversified (or unrelated) markets needed to be exploited. In that year Preussag acquired the German Hapag-Lloyd corporation which specialized in cruises, travel…

  • The Role of the Environment on the Impact of Product Strategy

    The business environment was defined at the outset of the discussion with particular emphasis on its impact on product strategy. A Singapore-based company named BreadTalk Group Limited was used as a case study in order to illustrate how the environment affects product strategy. Several tools for strategic management analysis were discussed, with particular emphasis on the PESTL model of analysis. SWOT Analysis was also discussed to differentiate it from the PESTLE model. The PESTLE model was eventually used to showcase how the environment affects product strategy, using BreadTalk as a concrete example. Each PESTL element as described in relation to BreadTalk’s product strategy.Before any business enterprise is undertaken, an environmental…

  • Leadership and Managing Change

    Change happens with time and how organizations adopt this change has been highlighted in this paper. An earnest effort has been undertaken to present the different viewpoints regarding the varied nature of change itself. The leadership role within change avenues cannot be denied its due role and there is a pertinent need to address the same in an ideal capacity, sooner the better. (Gobillot, 2008)Over time, the business world has evolved and so have the different methodologies and the ways and means through which it is carried the day in day out. One needs to realize the fact that business is a consistently changing world and in this world only…

  • Fast Food Business

    Beef are not allowed in India for the Hindus. Indonesian prefer to eat more rice and rice-based foods.America is the heartland for McDonald’s with 50% of global sales. Europe has one-third of global sales and is catching up fast, with 39% of global earnings. McDonald’s has a presence in 40 European countries through 65% of European earnings come from the Big Three France, Germany, and Britain. France is first in profits, with Germany second and Britain third. Russia is the market with the strongest growth with only about 200 McDonald’s outlets. It is the group’s most profitable market worldwide in operating income per restaurant.Global consumption for burgers and fries made…

  • Business Strategy Marks and Spenser 19902004

    The market economy requires constant monitoring and forecasting, determination of the long-term goals, and the strategies of their achievement. The problem of the successful functioning and quarantining the continuous development of an enterprise is the primary one in the conditions of the market economy, which provides a dynamic, changing, unstable environment. To manage the functioning of business in such conditions the managing system should be armed with a variety of reactions that give an opportunity to adapt to the constantly changing conditions.Business Strategy, being the combination of the philosophical and operational levels of strategic management, represents the only possible method of surviving in the dynamic conditions of the global market…

  • Evolutionary Psychology and Attraction

    Sociobiology, with its focus on biological accounts of evident social facts, has developed into evolutionary psychology, with its stress on the process of the evolution of the brain, and the extent of influence of people’s desire to survive and to multiply their genes into the next generations to their present behavior and conduct (ibid).Sociobiology or evolutionary psychology both in the modern age apply scientific methods of investigation, and subject raw data to quantitative analysis. Any science makes use of speculations, theory, and others. However, these are applied in the service of an empirical framework, and the aged criticisms are nowadays primarily incorrect. The concept of evolution is the adhesive in…

  • Biology Practical on Cells

    The final magnification of the details of specimen under observation is the product of both the eye-piece, and objective lenses (Caprette, 2005).For one to be able to note the details of the specimen, staining is necessary. Different substances will absorb light differently, thus transmit light in different proportions. The difference in light transmission through the different parts due to staining makes the isolation of details possible. The extent to which a microscope differentiates fine details in the specimen is called the resolution. In the light microscope, the resolution can be obtained as below:The resolution becomes smaller as the resolution of the microscope improves. The value ‘n’ is increased by using…

  • Analyzing San Manuel Bueno Martyr Truth in Times of Great Uncertainty and Collective Disillusionment

    By then, this group of Republicans, which was becoming more famous, was getting enough backup and support for the upcoming municipality polls. In the Nivola byUnamuno,San Manuel, much focus is on the matter concerningtruthand authenticity.Unamunoupholdingtruthexploits several things. InSan ManuelNivola byUnamuno, you also get to understand the benefits of various thoughts and following more so when focusing on this specific area of concern. Considering context on history,the truthcan be described as anything you view as being mundane or relevant.Thistruthperception, particularly in the case when it is interconnected to the enduring and persistent search for thetruthof denomination and the query of loyalty and belief, is crystal clear and concise in consideration of…

  • The Similarities Between the Different World Religions

    Understanding the similarities is the right way to get rid of the strive and get to know more about faiths than we do. We will start by looking at some common points between Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. For starters, the three religions all believe in the existence of one God. Other than these, the faiths believe that Abraham started them hence the reason they are all called Abrahamic Religions. The religious history shows us that Abraham was an Aramaic who was the ancestor of the Jewish people. The Quran says that Islam is a continuation of the religion Abraham practiced, and it is not something entirely new.Other than having a…

  • The Balfour Declaration and the Political Legacy of Colonialism

    An important issue that will be discussed here is the displacement of the indigenous Palestinian population and the subsequent creation of a Jewish state in the Mandate of Palestine. This is the political legacy of the British colonial enterprise in Israel/Palestine as a result of the Balfour Declaration. This analysis, while seeking to be broad in scope and aimed at providing a complete overview of Israel/Palestine, will be historical but will also focus on the future implications of imperial domination. The imperial power discussed in this essay is Great Britain and this essay will conclude with a summary of the main issues explored while providing a thorough analysis of the…

  • My World View

    The general beliefs that are my worldview outline not only how I see the world, but also intensely manipulate the particular beliefs I come to hold, the choices I draw and decisions I make, and all that I think, speak and act. My worldview is so basic to what I do, and in fact, what I am, that it would be rationally deceitful for me not to offer it for examination. If you are to comprehend me and to know what I say and do, you must know something about my worldview. So I set it forth for you here, not in the form of an extended argument, but as…

  • Bill Clinton An Analysis

    Lowry is right, as we look back at the Clinton legacy it becomes apparent that much of what is going on in the world right now, began in 2001, just months after President Bush assumed his office, and are the result of unresolved issues that arose during the Clinton Administration. Clinton’s presidency committed some of the most egregious domestic affronts in American history, and his administration single-handedly brought America to its knees on the international political front. His economic NAFTA agreement was replete with self-interest, and opened the doors for American companies to leave the country and leave American workers without jobs. Bill Clinton left office with a legacy in…

  • IKEA’s Secrets

    Having been born in a small village in the Småland province of southern Sweden, hard work and frugality were ingrained in him since childhood. The harsh environment with limited resources endowed him with the capacity to make the most of the resources available.Ingvar Kamprad realized early on that there was a huge market of low to middle-income families, with higher aspirations, who could not afford the exorbitantly priced furnishings that were available. So he targeted this class of people to be his customers and they have been faithful allies of this company ever since because it promised to fulfill their aspirations of a high lifestyle. Ingvar has once been quoted…

  • Existential Theory

    However, my personal view is that their human ideas could still be improved if these are infused with Christian principles. That is my modest attempt in the course of this paper.Finding meaning in one’s life is a difficult contemplation that confronts our personal convictions. Why am I here? What is my life’s purpose? Difficult questions to answer at gunpoint, and when one takes time to really think about it, considers a multitude of aspects over time, and still not come up with a comprehensive and comprehensible answer. Being in this state of questioning creates anxiety. This anxiety, considered good by existentialists, drives us to create a life that is meaningful…

  • Issues That May Rise Up Due to Excessive Alcohol Consumption

    The Bible acknowledges that wine can make the heart merry or can enhance the taste of a meal. In addition to this, a cocktail, wine, or beer can relax you and temporarily relieve anxiety, raise your spirits, and make you a more sociable companion. It may even offer some protection from a heart attack.If misused, alcohol creates serious problems ranging from run-ins with parents, teachers, and police to premature death. For instance, drinking at the parties can create environments that foster dangerous, develop risk-taking behaviors such as binge drinking, sexual assault, and unprotected and unplanned sex, to list just a few. According to A Practical Guide to Preventing and Dispersing…

  • Analysis Of Adrienne Richs Poem Living In Sin

    During this era, there is this specific poem called “Living in Sin” that was drafted in the 1950s and won the hearts of many. Her remarkable job acts as a good example of how the reality about relationships and ties can never have all the necessary qualities. In brief, we may say it can never be perfect. This leaves you with the task of asking for something worth it. In this particular poem, there is a woman who dreams and longing for a seamless relationship through dreaming and having hopes that her relationship will never be faced with any difficulties or any form of hardship. But everything went against her…

  • Regulatory bodies are best placed to secure environmental protection Discuss

    The compliance assurance features of better regulation include initiating time limits for regulatory decision making, minimising the onus of paperwork by substituting to self-reporting and enhanced overseeing of compliance monitoring activities so that business assigns minimum resources and time to inspection by government authorities. The UK government so as to overhaul its industrial pollution control system has introduced a new Integrated Pollution Control system (IPC) as early as 1990 through the Environmental Protection Act. The Environmental Act 1995 established the Environmental Agency. (Bohne: 435). Further, the UK government had combined the additional policy objective with its regulatory reform with an aim to regain more influence on European Environmental Regulations. In…

  • Educational Gap Reason

    My parents always wanted to provide me with the best education and never set limitations on my desires. They wanted me to complete my higher studies from a good institution. I, as a child always wanted to study business, that too from a renowned institute in the United State of America. However, for an Indian middle-class family like mine, it is really difficult to overcome the financial barrier and then bear the burden of it. My family’s monthly income is roughly $2000 and my parents brought up the idea of loans exclusively to pay for my fees and fulfill my desire of receiving foreign education. however, my father always considered…

  • Vintage and Second Hand

    Apart from the utilitarian function of clothes as protection from weather factors, keeping us warm or cool or safe, clothes play an important role in identification of self-esteem and serves as a sign of respectability. Fashion at the modern stage serves as a means of differentiation or in other words as a way of “putting on” a certain role which may change several times during a day.The modern fashion trend, which is swiftly gaining popularity worldwide, is vintage clothing. The beauty of vintage pieces is that they are neither old nor new. they are classic and that’s what makes them special. Through these items from another epoch, we find our…

  • Lifestyle Experience

    Thesis statement: Westin hotels and resorts managed to attain high market share and margins through lifestyle experience branding strategy and new service culture.According to Kapoor, Paul Halder (2011), the brand positioning strategy combined both tangible and non-tangible aspects of the service since the hotel managed to purchase the ‘heavenly bed’ that would afford the guests a comfortable sleep. The bed design addressed the previous guest complaints of uncomfortable shower curtains through the dual-headed showerhead and curtain rods with additional elbowroom inches. Furthermore, the bed experience was enhanced through ‘heavenly Crib that included 100% cotton-fitted sheets and mattresses with coils instead of the normal foam mattresses (Frei, Dev Stroock p 4).…

  • The Luxury Market and the Factors That Propelled This Retail Segment to a Whole New Level of Indulgence

    Many questions have arisen regarding the underlying dimensions of luxury consumption. yet today, following the last economical crisis, new spending habits have evolved and redefined this product and lifestyle segment.This section provides an introductory view on the luxury market, its appeal and various perceptions and as well as underlines the notion of exclusivity. The motivation of pleasure is today the primary motivation for the purchase of luxury amongst traditional purchasers. According to a study done by Microsoft Advertising, there are four motivations that underline the benefits of purchasing luxury goods:What marketers and retailers refer to as “exclusive” consumers could be subdivided into two distinct categories: the discreet consumers who can…

  • Disparity and Destruction as Two Major Themes in Various Works of Modern Writers Such as D H Lawrence and Graham Greene

    The Destructor as the title suggests illustrates a tale of the after affects of World War Two and the manner in which the bombing, bloodshed and destruction have made an everlasting mind of the young generation. While on the other hand, Lawrence deals with a story of a young boy who is ensnared in the marathon of greed because according to Lawrence materialism has escalated to the heights of insanity where money is a basic necessity to survive and is second most important prerequisite after breathing. II. THEME OF DISILLUSIONMENT AND DESTRUCTION A major theme that has been utilized by both the writers in their short stories is the theme…

  • Differences between a Leader and a Manager

    A leader is someone who is in a position whereby he has followers under him in any organization. Closely related to this is the work of the manager that includes management is an art and is defined as a process used in the achievement of the goals of the organization or its objectives. Leaders and managers play related roles and are an integral part of any organization or entity. Therefore, workers or employees in a particular organization need managers to assign tasks as well as define the purpose of the organization. This requires that the managers organize the workers in order to maximize the efficiency of the workplace or organization…

  • Comparative Analysis Of Urban Design

    Generally, the art of urban design is meant to make connections between people and places, as well as movement and urban form, its nature, and the built fabric. The process brings together several strands of place-making, environmental stewardship, social equity, and economic viability into the creation of places with distinct beauty and identity. The urban design creates a vision for a given town setting coupled with development economics, available resources, planning, and urban policies. Moreover, the limited resources and skills are employed in realizing the vision of the given town.There are several towns and cities across the globe which have a distinctive urban design. These designs would include all the…

  • Language and Culture A Thorough Analysis

    Language could be a set of meanings for particular things and conditions present in a culture and society.Arbitrary or not, is language really important? The very thing that must be understood is that language is indeed important and it is arbitrary. There are three conditions why it is important and arbitrary. First is that language gives an individual to express his or her thoughts accordingly. Second, language is the way to identify the meanings of things present around us. The third is that language is an identifier of cultural roots and traditions. How do these three conditions affect and relate to the arbitrariness of the language?Language is arbitrary since it…

  • To What Extent Can the Thought of Past and Present Diplomatic Practitioners Help to Inform Contemporary Diplomatic Challenges

    No matter in how many ways this term is defined, they are based upon some common assumptions which are-A difference between foreign policy and diplomacy is implied, which are often used in place of each other, as it provides with the outlines whiten which the international work.It is technically considered to be merely a practical art, but the most important aspect is the communication which includes negotiations, intentions, representations etc which are vital to reducing the gap in relations and recognition.Diplomatic practices have been adapting fundamental changes since 1945, and these activities had taken an enormous leap diversifying globally in the latter half of the 20th century. There had been…

  • The Architectural Peculiarity of Australia

    Thereupon, it is highly important to come up with a set of actions, protocols, and other activities aimed at protecting indigenous interests, first of all. Also, the description of the profession (architecture) is well applied to the code of principles and rules in an attempt to protect the rights and interests of indigenous people.To be precise, architecture is a form of visual thinking implemented through man-made building or structure (Winters 2005, p. 23). In this respect, it is vital to mention that, like any kind of art, the architecture reflects on the main peculiarities of the time influenced by the technical and technological progress of mankind at the moment. Hence,…

  • Constant Patient Care

    Doctors and nurses are the eyes and ears of the health-care system.Medicine has been referred to as an art based on science. The art of medicine has been based on a strong foundation of practice. It has evolved through centuries based on human values and intuition. Medicine allays the fears and anxieties of the patients and attempts to console them under all circumstances (http://www.msmonographs.org/article.asp?issn=0973-1229.year=2006.volume=4.issue=1.spage=127.epage=138.aulast=Panda). According to me the quality of tending to the sick can be called an art, not the profession of medicine. One can have the art of being a nurse or a doctor but medicine by itself is not art. If the nurses or doctors do not…

  • Western Culture Art from the Renaissance to the 20th Century

    Although each of these artists represents a different artistic period, they are all Western artists who have used the unique aspects or approaches of their particular genre to produce work investigating the nature of the human condition as it was understood in their time period, creating timeless works that reflect some aspect of each of us.Vincent Van Gogh was born in the Netherlands in 1853 and died in Auvers in 1890 of a self-inflicted bullet wound. Coming from a family who was heavily involved in the art world, Vincent was supported through much of his life by his brother Theo. “A common denominator … in most of the writers and…

  • The Theme of Education on Virginia Woolfs Essay A Room of One’s Own

    Part 1The theme of education is dominant on Virginia Woolf’s essay ‘A Room of One’s Own.’ The essay portrays education as a preserve of the men, and women’s access to education is limited. The essay, which begins by the author strolling on the grounds of Oxbridge, illustrates that women are not held in equal footing with men, but rather as a weaker sex who would not perform well in education. During the stroll, she is quickly reminded by everyone she meets that she will not fit in as she was barred. This is because the sphere of Oxbridge was separated into halves along the sex lines. Woolf succinctly captures this…

  • Analysis of Administrative Law Cases

    First of all, I have taken note of the point that after receiving a complaint from a member of the public, I don’t know if there was any intimation done from the Institute to you, but nevertheless, upon your application for renewal of your license, they refused on the ground of a complaint they received from a member of the public. I am assuming that you were given sufficient notice and if not, you ought to have been given so that you prepare against the allegations. But the main point which you need to take in mind is that you are entitled to prior notice before the hearing is done…

  • How Managerial Changes Influence Organization Behavior Issues Teamwork

    One of the main obstacles to the smooth implementation of the change management process is the lack of awareness of the context of change by the workmen and unions. While the top management team is aware of the context in which these changes are being talked about, the workmen and unions are not well informed in this respect. A change seeking management has to overcome the stresses to which the system and the people have to undergo. Leadership is, therefore, required to create the necessary confidence to overcome the stresses and challenges in the change process. A successful leadership has to keep open the channels of communications within the organization…

  • Breach of Constitutional Convention and Its Consequences

    These conventions have been explained as “rules of constitutional conduct which are regarded to be attaching by and upon those who administer constitution but which are not put into effect by courts nor by the legislators in the house of parliament. This implies that conventions or customs can be disregarded with no legal impacts whatsoever ( E.C.S Wade,1993).Further, constitutional law in the U.K does not have any privileged status in British law as it can be repealed or changed in the same style as other laws. For instance, if an action has been pronounced as “unconstitutional” it does not imply that it is “illegal and it connotes only that such…

  • Social Determinants of Health and Impact on Aboriginal Australians

    In the course of the essay, we will see that factors such as socioeconomic status, poverty, perception of control of financial status that people have as well as underlying factors such as colonialism and its impact on landholdings and control as well as more subtle factors such as racism and discrimination all fit in together to form reasons contributing to the current health status of Australian aboriginals and hence leading to alcohol misuse. These factors will now be looked at in more detail.One of these determinants of health care is the socio-economic status. Dick (2007) discusses how there is a very strong link between the poverty faced by an individual…

  • How media artefacts affect our conception of reality

    We are placed in a consumer society and media, which brings in the importance of learning how to interpret, understand, and criticizing its messages and meanings. They participate in contributing to educate us on what we feel, fear, think, desire, and how to behave. They also show us how to consume, look, dress, avoid failure, and be successful/ popular (Verbeek Slob, 2006). Cultural is one on itself that is focusing on the mass and media marketing. Due to extensive advertising and publicity, all the cultural products, which include human beings, are treated as commodities who share little to no meaning. This industry provides a reason to believe individual is an…

  • Functions of Trade Unions

    Before the emergence of trade unions, it was difficult for employees to seek action against unfair treatment by their employers (Warner, 2012:133) Employees were having difficulties at work since the employers’ words were final, therefore, getting poor pays and working in poor conditions. With the emergence of trade unions, the employees were able to acquire better pays and their working conditions were improved. Trade unions represented the employees, protected them from exploitation, helped in the implementation of laws and policies that protected the employees, and campaigned for improved payments (Ewing, 2005:1). This essay will discuss the main functions of trade unions and examine how effectively they can achieve their goals…

  • Supply Chain Management for Zara

    In a bid to ensuring that the relationship between suppliers, consumers and producers is one that yields profits, companies and organizations have to stay committed to the principles surrounding supply chain management.In a bid to understand the direct impact of supply chain management on the running and development of organizations, Zara has been chosen to be a focal point in this essay. This essay will critically analyze the supply chain system in place at Zara and how best it is working. It would also discuss the weaknesses of the organization’s supply chain system and how it can be improved. Zara as a fashion retail organization has been chosen by the…

  • Aspects of Immigration

    The main idea, which is highlighted in this essay, is the positive and negative aspects of globalization over immigration. Along with this, the refutation statements are also offered against the topic. In addition, the essay also concludes with the individual perspectives of Douglas MurrayThe term globalization seems to be a buzz word, but in the actual scenario, it opened the barriers for the young individual to enter in different countries. As a result of which, it presented varied types of job opportunities for undocumented students that enhanced their economic status and living style. Not only this due to the presentation of such types of job opportunities the rate of gross…

  • Globalization and Business Enterprise

    According to the latest World Economic Outlook published by International Monetary Fund (IMF, 20), the world output (income) grew at the rate of 3 percent in 2008, which declined to -0.6 percent in the very next year. The decline in the output began from the last quarter of 2008 since when the subprime crisis surfaced in the US causing enormous panic amongst the major players in the financial market. The United States witnessed a sharp deterioration in its economic growth from 0.4 percent in 2008 to -2.4 percent in 2009. With a significant stake in the global economy, what has been the source of its ailments had unfortunately transmitted to…

  • American Unilateralism and the International Order

    In addition to the direct economic costs associated with terrorism and the threat of further terrorism, 9/11 also had important political ramifications.Importantly, political scientists have been wracking their brains trying to make sense of the horrific violence undertaken the morning of 9/11 and further violence inspired by global jihadists bent on taking over the world. Psychologists sought to explore the psychological factors leading people to kill in the name of Allah, domestic-level theorists explored the domestic antecedents to terror including extreme poverty, a lack of education, and political repression. System-level theorists however were at a loss to explain the attacks of September 11th and the ensuing War on Terror.The War…

  • Relevance of Dantes Inferno in the Current World

    Some of the issues the essay will discuss include the journey which even in the current world individuals do take as seen in Dante also the evaluation of worthy sins in the current world and how they were seen in Dante.Dante’s inferno is relevant in the current western environment, for it can be seen in the canto. In the comedy, it is seen that Dante is gone astray and regardless of the efforts made, he is unable to trace on how he can get to the way. Dante says, somewhere amid life one wakes only to find themselves amid what he refers to as dark wood-confusion (Dante, 1949, p71). This…

  • Family and NonFamily Businesses Leaders

    Leadership in the family business has been debated by countless people. However, it is alarming how the theme of leadership in the family business has been neglected. Most researchers and analysts focus on the ownership of the family business, ownership amongst others(Rouvinez and Ward, 2005). Family businesses are of varying models. This essay shall highlight the characteristics of leaders of the family business, and their difference from the leaders in nonfamily business.The major difference between the family business and nonfamily businesses is that family businesses need-oriented while the nonfamily businesses are goal-oriented. In this perspective, the types of leadership skills tend to differ. Unlike in nonfamily businesses, the leaders work…

  • William of Ockham

    This essay considers the foundational elements of Marx’s philosophical system, namely the transformation of money into capital. Marx philosophy considered the commodity production process, the creation of surplus-value, and argued that capitalism was an unhealthy social process that would lead to the self-destruction of the capitalist economic system. This essay considers the nature of these William of Ockham and Karl Marx philosophic systems.The most renowned element of Ockham’s philosophical system has come to be referred to as Ockham’s razor. Ockham’s razor is the belief that when there are several conflicting theories or hypotheses generally the simplest explanation is the most accurate. Ockham stated, “It is useless to do with more…

  • Impact of the International Trade on Economic Growth

    International trade is promoted through appropriate strategies and strict observation of the trade patterns. This essay seeks to discuss the impact of international trade on economic growth. According to a study by the OECD in 2003, the elasticity of international trade was found to be significant. Results from 73 low and middle-income countries in developing economies indicated that there is a strong correlation between international trade and economic growth (Peacock 2013). Inward developing economies tend to grow at a slower rate compared to outward-oriented developing economies. The average growth rate is significantly higher after the liberalization of trade than the period before the liberalization. International trade involving imports of immediate…

  • A Nurse Mentor Reflection in Clinical Practice Using Gibbs Model

    By nurturing novice nurses, expert nurses also get to rehash their skills and improve themselves in the process (see Kosier et. Al. 2004). A strong feedback mechanism between the mentor and the learner is also very important to facilitate the proper transfer of knowledge and skills.As a qualified mental health nurse (RMN) working in a community mental health team and a student mentor who is training to be a mentor, I had the opportunity to work with a learner who is third-year nursing student. In evaluating my experience as a mentor, I will use Gibbs Model (Gibbs 1988). Gibbs model of reflection covers the following aspects (a) description of the…

  • Training Professionals Increasing the Chance for Innovation and Change

    Proper coordination between the training as well as the personnel roles is required such as recruitment and selection, employee relation, reward system, and performance appraisal (Center of Excellence, 2004).It is through training that the quality of the labor can be enhanced since the employees are equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge. Innovation can be of numerous forms that can assist the management at the organization to stimulate the capital services and thus enhance the efficiency of the processes of production.The main objective of the essay is to discover the role played by training professionals in innovation and change in an organization. Therefore, the essay further tries to explore the…

  • Employee Voice Within the Workplace and Organisations

    This essay will attempt to answer the topic question, along with its broader implications.Since business enterprises operate in the socio-political set up of nations, it is important to analyze the issue of ‘employee voice’ in this broad context. For example, a 1998 survey conducted in the UK involving 500 employees from various small business organizations reveals some telling statistics. It shows that racial minorities like Asians and Africans are less likely to find work in smaller firms. So is the case for women, irrespective of their racial background. Eligible workers between the age group of 25-45 are also less likely to find acceptance, especially in very small firms (Taylor Bain,…

  • Understanding the Impact of the Systemic Global Banking Crisis on Economic Growth

    The responses of the central banks present very important economic implications that helped turnaround the economy. The responses of the central banks present some very interesting points that may be very useful for us in the future. Note that the economy follows certain cycles and sooner or later, we will hit again some snags in the banking industry that could lead to another global recession. By examining and learning from the past experiences of the banking system, we may be able to help predict and prevent certain events that could lead to a serious financial crisis. Moreover, by analyzing the responses of the central banks, we can learn which responses…

  • The Assessment of Information System

    It affects virtually all aspects of an organization, which distinguishes an organization from other organizations. Shafritz Steven (2001 p 374) observed that organizational culture comprises the collective fundamental assumptions that an organization has adopted through careful consideration of their usefulness in approaching and solving challenges that face it in its daily operations.Organizational culture influences organizational behavior which on the other hand is the manner in which individuals conduct themselves in an organization in relation to the organizational culture. The nature, role and impact of organizational information systems suggest that the development and introduction of Information Systems and IT need to combine both technological and human-centered methods within a framework or…

  • Father Tribute Speech

    From the first day I came into this world, he has been my side and never left. Despite all the things I have put him through, he still stood by my side as I grew up. He is the cornerstone of our home. In a family of three sisters and my mom, he is the pillar that holds us together.Every living creates from my dog to fish is female. The way he manages to hold us together goes beyond words. Despite the hell my other sisters and I cause at home, I just don’t understand how he still manages to maintain his sanity as a kind-hearted man. His kindness is…

  • Immunity of Senior State Officials

    Thus, heads of state, senior state officials, and diplomats were immune from any examination of their conduct by other states. However, it was also expected that heads of states and senior state officials who could do nothing wrong would present acceptable standards of conduct at all times. Within the relatively recent past, the concept of state immunity in international law has changed because sovereign states have demonstrated that they are capable of gross violation of human rights and massive wrongdoing. The First and Second World Wars present a historical testimony for what can happen when heads of state and senior state officials indulge in morally unacceptable conduct. This brief essay…

  • Elaborating the Interconnectedness of the Numerous Global Crises

    In addition to an environmental and political crisis, the economic crisis which enveloped the developed countries of the Western world raises questions about the sustainability of capitalism as the driving force of the global economy. Seeking to understand the shifts from economic globalization towards sustainability, the following will begin with a clear definition of the concept of sustainability as well as the interconnectedness between the sustainability crisis and the other manifestations of the crisis affecting our planet. Following this, an analysis of the concept of disabling will provide examples of this phenomenon and the interconnectedness of the numerous global crises will be elaborated. Furthermore, this essay will attempt to explain…

  • Healthcare in America and Other Countries

    Accordingly, Obama has inherited an economic crisis with international ramifications, wars in Iraq as well as Afghanistan, and in America, a health care system that is in dire need of reform. The attempts by President Obama to overhaul and reform the health care system of the United States has been controversial from the outset and healthcare remains a heated issue in the United States. Although it is still early on in his term, President Obamas attempts to transform the American health care system have arguably been the most controversial aspects of his presidency (Healthcare for All, 2009). Seeking to understand the important issues with respect to healthcare in the United…

  • Australian Taxation Law

    The $5,000 received after the trading period qualify as income for the period ended 30 June 2010. This is in accordance with accruals accounting method. income is recognized when it is earned. All this is in accordance with and requirements of section 6-5. The trading stock for Philip’s business has to be evaluated according to the general rule of accounting for stock-S70-35(1). The difference between the opening and closing stock is added to assessable income because the closing stock exceeds opening stock-S70-35(2). The allowable deductions (division 8) include the $2,000 which was an expense from the replacement of the air conditioner-S25-10. The amount is minimized to the cost that Phillip…

  • Finance and Accounting Sparkle Plc

    The annual report not only contains the financial statements such as income statement, balance sheet, or cash flow statements but also other reports such as director’s report, auditor’s report, corporate social responsibility information, etc. In short, the annual report contains company’s business functions, products or services, sources of finances and resources, human resource involvement, countries of operation, responsibilities and contribution towards society, performance in terms of revenue generation, financial and accounting standards that it follows, and future goals or objectives structured for the next year (Thomsett, 2007, p. 5).This report is Sparkle Plc., a company which deals with cleaning products. Sparkle Plc. want to prepare their annual reports to attract…

  • Methodological Analysis of Human Resources Strategy

    I can be creative in emergent atmospheres and can face difficulties. I can adapt creative thoughts and proposals and setting goals and achieve them. I have completed a Master degree in Business Administration specializing in Human Resource Management. I possess work experience as 1st Lt. Officer in Abu Dhabi Police G.H.Q-(Strategic Department). Also, I had been a Warrant Officer in the ministry of interior- Ras Al Khaimah Police HQ. The work responsibilities included being the manager of Women Police (Financial Administration Affairs- Personnel), head of revenues, head of audit, manager of aftercare in dept of criminal investigation and dept of drugs, secretary of drugs director. I was part of the…

  • Measurement of GDP and National Income

    The reasons have been discussed in the paper to great length, the ultimate answer to the question being that GDP is not the only key aspect that helps in measuring the welfare or happiness of a nation and that there is more to that.Gross Domestic Product is a value of all the final goods and services that are produced in the domestic territory of an economy, within a single accounting year. This is used as a measurement for finding out the different levels of growth in an economy. Not only that, but the GDP is used to compare the growth and development of one economy with another as well. However,…

  • Internation Accounting

    Narsimha Rao and the finance minister Dr. Manmohan Singh in the year 1991. Through this reform foreign direct investment was brought in many sectors. By the 20th century India headed towards a free market economy which reduced the state control of the economy with increased financial liberalization (Datt Sundharam, 2009, p. 976). The Indian economy is the eleventh largest in the world by the nominal GDP and the third largest in terms of the PPP (Purchasing Power Parity). In 2010-2011 India maintained a GDP growth rate of around 8% thus bringing down the fiscal deposit of the country to 4.8% of GDP by maintaining a current account deficit to 2.6%.…

  • Financial Accounting at Tesco Plc

    Tesco Plc complies with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Specifically, Tesco Plc’s £4,338 m goodwill and other intangible assets amount complies with IFRS no. 3, Business Combinations, which states that must identify and fair value the intangible assets amortization charges and costs. IFRS defines an intangible asset as lacking physical substance and are not financial instruments. Likewise, IFRS requires entities can identify the intangibles. To identified, the intangible asset can be bought or sold. Goodwill is one of Tesco’s IFRS- based intangible assets (Kieso, Weygandt, Warfield 2011).Inventories. Tesco Plc’s 2011 inventory is £ 3,162 m. Inventories are valued at lower of cost and fair value less selling costs. IFRS states…

  • The Balance Sheet of Leighton Ltd and Clough Ltd

    Introduction: Leasing is an important concept in asset management and trade. A lessor can lease out an equipment, building, machinery, vehicle, etc, and enjoy the benefits of getting capital of their value in circulation. Many companies find certain assets of no significant use in their business. The lease out such assets and as the lease amount gets transferred to the lessee, the lessor can again lessee the lessor, the risks and benefits of ownership get transferred to the lessee. Lease specifies the contingent liabilities returns, fixing responsibility for maintenance of assets and availing of depreciation. Diversity in accounting practices and a system of rapid and 100 percent finance for fixed…

  • Self Reflection

    From the closer assessment of my personal and professional skills, it is apparent that the following skills were developed from the course: analytical skills, critical thinking, and intellectual growth from increased inputs on AIS concepts and theories, comprehension skills, the ability to interpret and apply required tasks and activities, an increased understanding of financial and accounting operations of an organization, among others. Further, skills to enable me to comply with the needed follow-through in the module are likewise improved: prioritization of tasks or time management, problem-solving skills, introspection and even decision-making skills.The given lectures do not only provide the required explanation for terms being the subjects of discussion. but more…

  • Audit in Nowadays Business Managing the Expectation Gap

    3). Basically, the statutory audit can be defined as the legal requirement to review and determine the accuracy of the financial statements of a company or government (including its agencies). Kumar and Sharma (2005, p. 41) notes that for audit to be considered proper there are certain thresholds that should be attained key among them the independence of auditors and the presentation of the opinion in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). In the light of these thresholds, concerns have been raised by certain stakeholders as to the relevance of statutory audits in today’s business environment. Their concerns are informed by the argument that the independence of auditors is…

  • What were Fields initial actions upon acquiring LPB

    The company was quite big in size adding $45 billion in revenue in 1987 in comparison to previous acquisitions wherein changes to MIS were necessitated as in the case of retail cookie chain, the Chocolate Chip Company in 1984 but LPB baked and served products, according to Randy were, “a logical extension for the bakery aspect of Mrs. Fields’ cookies.” The same rule was applied to the company’s technological processes also so that leverage could be made from the already operational MIS system without tailoring it to the needs of management functions of LPB. Management at Mrs. Fields was of the opinion that different department heads functional at LPB like…

  • “Accounting and Ratio Analysis of Marks &amp

    Spencer Company"And secondly, it enables the organization to understand which products or assets of the company are producing more revenues for the company, how efficiently these are being utilized, and which products or assets are not profitable and should be replaced or eliminated.From the reporting perspective, accounting provides the bookkeeping of day-to-day activities and every transaction that is taking place. This essential role of reporting enables the company to evaluate itself and avoid any frauds or misinterpretations.Form the decision making perspective, the decisions to evaluate the growth opportunities for the organization, for analyzing the performance of the company, for analyzing the company’s ability to pay its suppliers and shareholders, etc.…

  • Power and Ethics in the American orporation

    Power is very important to the managers or leaders of any organization since it is essential in the directing of its staff. However, the process of acquiring power and using it usually ruins the ethics and values held in the organization (Kelly, 1988 p.3). Discussion Power defines leadership in any company and by definition. leadership refers to the ability to direct a group of employees towards achieving the goals of an organization. Therefore, leadership has formed the basis of classifying managers into five groups or profiles, namely: leader, destructive achiever, builder, mechanic, and innovator (Kelly, 1988 p. 4). The leader refers to the ethical manager who effectively uses his charisma…

  • The Enron Scandal and a Look at the Accounting Practices that Permitted it to Happen

    Enron’s bankruptcy marked a period of large public company failures that were all linking to financial reporting and accounting areas that included Tyco International, WorldCom, Xerox, the accounting firm of Arthur Anderson, and others (Patsuris, 2002). The reason why Enron stands above the other corporate scandals is the magnitude as well as the scope of Enron’s misconduct, and financial fallout that rocked the United States financial markets with the brazenness of running up of the stock price through deals, and reporting measures that were either non-existent or fraudulent (Longnecker, 2004). The preceding was further compounded by the company’s accounting firm, Arthur Andersen, essentially turning a blind eye to the events,…

  • What Is Meant by GDP and How Is It Measured

    Fiscal policy is an effort by the government to stimulate the economy by adjusting and monitoring the level of spending. It refers to government purchases, transfer payments, taxes, and borrowing as they affect macroeconomic variables such as real GDP, employment, the price level, and economic growth. Using the income-expenditure model, we will focus on the demand side to consider the effect of changes in government purchases, transfer payments, and taxes on real GDP demanded. The short story is that at any given price level, an increase in government purchases or in transfer payments increases real GDP demanded, and an increase in net taxes decreases real GDP demanded, other things remain…

  • Operations Management of the Royal Mint

    The Objective of the Royal Mint is to provide the Government with coinage at a competitive price. It is clear that Royal Mint wants to establish itself as a low-cost producer through economies of scales i.e. Mass Production at a reduced cost.Companies plan and forecast the demand according to the future needs of the market. Forecasting demand assists in decision making with respect to investment in plant and machinery, market planning, and future sales. Some of the popular forecasting methods includeIn this case, Royal Mint Estimates the demand on a Time-series basis. In the UK, the Treasury contracts with Royal Mint on an annual basis for the likely requirements for…

  • Doing Business An Analysis of the Columbia HCA Fraud

    My goal is to relate the case to the subject of Business Ethics and derive important lessons on how business should be conducted.Reading through the case study, we can discern the numerous causal factors of the federal investigation of Columbia/ HCA. From what I can understand, the investigation was brought about by a combination of internal and external factors which is presented below:It was started in June 1996 by Treasury Secretary Robert Rubin that the Medicare program will go broke by 2001 with the way funds are being spent. Expenditures were increasing exponentially with $160 billion for the 1994 fiscal year. That’s about $440 million per day. By the year…

  • Principle of Accounting

    A higher current ratio indicates that the company has enough liquidity to meet its short term obligations. However, the too-large current ratio may be negative as this would indicate that assets are not being utilized effectively. As shown from the above calculations, Company ‘C’ is performing better than the other two companies in terms of maintaining liquidity to serve its short term liabilities.The higher the debt ratio, the difficult it will be for the company to meet its long term obligation and hence to remain solvent in the long run. Although all three companies have a debt ratio of less than 1. but Company ‘B’ is performing better than the…

  • Auditing and Its Environment

    Auditors are independent when their functioning is not affected by the vested interests of parties, other than shareholders, in the financial statements. Management is one of such parties that can directly influence the independence of auditors especially when auditors are advocating causes than auditing. Whether an auditor is actually independent when he appears to be independent is a matter that only the auditor knows. In fact, it is necessary for auditors to not only act independently but be seen to be independent. This is because independence in appearance reduces the opportunity for an auditor to act otherwise than independently. The atmosphere is so polluted that comments like ‘the concept of…

  • My Role Model Example

    I wish to share my success story with you. My father is an immigrant that relocated to the United States to start the new page in his life. Being a knowledgeable person, he has achieved success working 10 hours per day and saving money to start his own business. Despite all these issues, he has become a caring father and a loving husband. He is the father I admire to build my own role modeling of a successful personality that can cook food for his family despite working hard at his workplace. My father is proficient and knowledgeable in all things he can achieve on his own. He even can…

  • How Motivation and Emotion Affect Young Adolescent Girls Learning in Mathematics

    These examples show that there are psychological factors that affect one’s regard for Math as a subject. This paper shall be discussing the effects of motivation and emotion on adolescent girls’ learning of Math as well as how educators can support them to have a healthy attitude and regard for the subject to enable them to learn it more effectively.The study of Math incorporates the processes of questioning, reflecting, reasoning and proof. It is a powerful tool for solving familiar and unfamiliar problems both within and beyond mathematics. As such, it is integral to scientific and technological advances in many fields of endeavor. The inclusion of Mathematics in the curriculum…

  • A ClassroomBased Scenario

    The lesson on historical artifacts was prepared well, as there were actual items to be explored by the class. Children find it stimulating to really touch objects as if they feel helps them retain the lesson better. However, it seems that the teacher did not plan well the execution of the activity because the children seemed to be at a loss on what to do. The holding back of information regarding the artifacts might have been deliberate, as the teacher may want to know if they can figure these things out themselves.After a discussion of the lesson, the teacher sent them on tasks that were not equally stimulating. One group…

  • Humanity of Policy

    Though a considerable number of law enforcement officers have a rudimentary training into recognizing the sources of stress accompanying situations like shootouts and violent crimes, still a majority of them do fail to grasp the size and scope of the physiological and psychological effects of stress on their body and mind (Ford, 1998). Police officers often come across gory and disturbing scenes accompanying violent crime investigations and shootings. Over the years, the cumulative impact of such incidents gives way to physical and emotional disturbances, which can fructify into undesirable results and consequences. Now is the time when the authorities and the people need to change their perceptions about law enforcement…

  • Strategic Default

    The tendency to default when you are underwater even if you have the ability to pay the mortgage is known as strategic default. In this paper, I would first outline the legal and ethical constraints associated with such defaults and then discuss its implications on the lender, the borrower, and the society as a whole.In recent years many states in the U.S. have witnessed a dramatic fall in home prices. This has encouraged homeowners in these states to simply walk away from their mortgages not out of an inability to pay the mortgages, but because strategic default seems the best available option financially. In order to understand the reasons behind…

  • TeliaSon Era and Google (Competition Law)

    However, it can be agreed that attaining this desirable status, in which all stakeholders benefit optimally, is relatively challenging. Coupled with increased pressure from the market to make profits, most business persons have opted for satisfying their needs at the expense of the consumer. Furthermore, individual business entities have gone to great lengths to attain and maintain a competitive edge in the markets that they explore. In essence, they take measures that are geared towards enhancing their performance and outperforming their counterparts. They have adopted malpractices such as collusive price fixing, predatory pricing, tie-up sale, discriminatory pricing and creating barriers to market entry amongst others. These trends have had adverse…

  • “Umbrella Clauses in Bilateral investement Treaties &amp

    Comparison between ICSID, UNCITRAL and ICC"Put another way, the main question is whether or not the umbrella clause renders a breach of an investment contract a treaty claim.3 A review of previous arbitration decisions on the issue have produced mixed results. It would appear that with contradictory rulings on the matter, umbrella clauses can sometimes be effective for resolving disputes arising out of investment contracts concluded under the authority of BITs. Wong argues however that, contradictory rulings only serve to nullify umbrella contracts and thus render them ineffective as a means of resolving disputes arising out of an investment contract.4 This paper evaluates umbrella clauses with a view to determining…

  • The Commission as Agent of States

    The most important aspect here is the implied consent of cooperating states that, in specifically outlined areas, actions by the commission are tantamount as an act of each of the member states. This paper will examine this principle with the purpose of identifying the extent to which commissions can claim as agents of its member states. This examination will focus on the experience of the European Commission. An understanding of this aspect can provide a roadmap and the dynamics to the responsibilities of the commission as well as the jurisdictional authority, a complicated variable that often creates conflict.Commissions have different definitions. This is due to the fact that they assume…

  • Statutory Interpretation of the Human Rights Act 1998 by the UK Courts

    However, the courts have treated such evaluations as mere exaggeration. Whilst pronouncing such judgements the courts have stressed that they have given due consideration to Parliament’s sovereign intentions2.In the Von Colson case, the EU made it mandatory for the national law to implement a specific EU Directive3. However, in Marleasing the EU required the national courts to interpret national legislation in accordance with the provisions of the pertinent EU Directives4. However, the UK Courts though agreeable to implementing the principle established in Von Colson, were unwilling to accede to the obligation established in the Marleasing judgement.In Duke v. GEC Reliance Ltd, the plaintiff Mrs. Duke’s employment had been terminated as…

  • Understanding the Legality and Enforceability of Exclusionary Clauses of Contracts

    Terms Act 1977 prevents the parties from imposing unconscionable and unfair obligations and liabilities against each other while the Sales of Goods Act 1979 provides protection to the buyer and the seller alike.Since there are limitations when it comes to the clauses of the contract, the parties must be vigilant in protecting their rights. In our hypothetical case, the parties to the contract, Bright Wheel Bicycles Limited (“BWB”), a UK manufacturer of bicycles and Top Gear Trading Ltd (“TGT”), a retailer based in Manchester, entered into a contract of sale of a good whereby BWB is the supplier and TGT the reseller. Some of the bikes supplied by BWB to…

  • What Have Been the Costs and Benefits of Hong Kongs Currency Board System Since 1983

    Hong Kong operated a ‘sterling exchange system from 1935 – 1973, excluding the years of Japanese occupation. The sterling exchange system is a currency board with note issue back by holdings of Sterling assets’ (Crosby 2000). Then, ‘between 1972 and 1974, the HK dollar was set at a fixed rate to the US dollar. From November of 1974 until the return of the currency board in 1983, the HK dollar floated freely against the US dollar’ (Hanson). Hong Kong being a Special Administrative Region of China is dependent on mainland demand but its monetary system is still attached to the U.S. If ever China retaliates against pressure for the trade…

  • Discarding of Recyclables

    This paper posits that a ban on throwing recyclables into trash cans in Portland Oregon is necessary and positive because there is a growing clamor for it as reflected in a cascade of legislation in many states all over the US enforcing such related bans because there is overwhelming evidence that mandated bans in law are more effective than voluntary recycling programs in reducing waste and eliciting support for recycling programs, and because the foundations of good environmental practices and awareness in the communities of Portland are in place to successfully enforce a ban (Millman. CalRecycle. Bosque. Koch. City of Seattle. Peters).First, there are overwhelming precedents from other states with…

  • Public Health Law and Policy

    It is expected to increase to $4.4 trillion in 2008. Based on all projections, however, there is an expectation of high enrollment and growth in Medicaid and Medicare spending over that time. (Sisko, Truffer, Smith, 2009). Physician Medicare payments will remain constant between 2010 and 2018. Under the current law, there is an expected acceleration of national healthcare spending starting in 2011 will increase by 7.2% by 2018.By payer Medicare spending is projected to increase by 8.1%, Medicaid by 6.9% and private health insurance by 5.8%. Out of pocket expenses are projected to grow by 3.8% and prescription drugs are expected to increase by 3.5%. Hospital spending is expected to…

  • Gulf Regional Legal Environment of Business

    Competition law is part of the legal environment of business in Gulf region that requires numerous amendments and enforcement. Competition laws facilitate the entry of foreign firms in the economy and ensure that the economy gains from increased product innovation and high quality products. Fair competition laws also facilitate bilateral and regional cooperation between several states thus strengthening both the economic and political relations. Oman has certain anti-competitive laws that hinder free trade in the economy. Examples of the anti-competitive laws include subsidies to the national companies, exempt of import custom duties for national companies dealing with agriculture and manufacturing and requirement that foreign entities cannot have 100 percent of…

  • Drifting toward Communism

    at subverting the rights contained in no less than five of the first ten amendments (the Bill of Rights) to, as they claim, ‘protect’ citizens from terrorism. Both these groups combined are actively attempting to convert America into the totalitarian, communist society that many have fought against in the pursuit of the very freedoms the nation is supposed to stand for.The Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states, “A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed” (“The Constitution”, 2006). This, as were all of the first ten amendments to the Constitution, was…

  • The Offences Against the Person Act 1861

    Therefore, there is a need to modernize this 140-year old legislation. In fact, Justice Brooke opined that it is “intolerable that an important law covering criminal assaults, batteries and wounding…should be based on the antique and obscure language of an Act.”3 In a nutshell, the Act is outdated, unclear and unfit for its purpose.According to Lacey, et al., “the somewhat imperfect hierarchy of the Act reflects both the differences in the seriousness of the injury and harm and in the mental element.”4 Indeed, it can be seen that assault and battery carry a low penalty (6 months imprisonment) compared to Section 47 (five years)—with only a little difference in the…

  • Comparison of the Divine Command Theory and the Natural Law Theory

    It poses as a means in which human beings can be rationally guided towards what is good for him and the rest of society. It is a natural knowable moral law that did not emanate from any act of human beings, but by the existence of reality in which man acts upon.Some of the ethical implications of the natural law theory include establishing a moral foundation for men to follow, which became the foundation also of the kind of laws being enacted in society. Thus, the natural law theory becomes a benchmark or a source of proper aid from which other laws (positive law, legal laws) adhere to. This moral…

  • The Subjection of Women On Liberty and Communist Manifesto

    Mill has been a known advocate of women’s emancipation in his time. And in “Subjection of Women,” he has laid all the arguments and his eloquence as to how society is imposing inequalities upon women. Women’s suffrage was raised. the marriage law in his time, as well as other legislations concerning the debasement of women, were also assailed.The connections between the essays “On Liberty” and “The Subjection of Women” may be credited to John Stuart Mill’s wife, Harriet Taylor. The latter piece was, as claimed by Mill, co-written by her and the former, “On Liberty,” was written after her death.Firstly, Mill’s advocacy of utilitarianism was clearly manifested in these two…

  • Extent Of The Implied Obligation Of Seaworthiness And The Effects Of Breach

    The law with respect to seaworthiness is necessary since the vendor is discharged of liability once the goods are dispatched at aport for shipment to the buyer. Moreover, should the goods arrive in a nonconforming state the buyer is at liberty to reject them?The difficulty with respect to liability arises if the goods were damaged in transit. Since the vendor is discharged of liability upon delivery of the goods at the dispatching port provided they conform to the terms of the contract and are subsequently damaged in transit, the question of seaworthiness arises to determine whether or not the carrier should be held responsible for those damages. This paper examines…

  • The Connection Between the Constitution and the Law

    City of Chicago, 337 US 1, this Court upheld its inviolability even though it “induces a condition of unrest, creates dissatisfaction with the condition as they are, or even stirs people to anger.” We acknowledged then that one of the functions of this freedom is precise “to invite dispute.” Through Justice Holmes in the case of Abrams v. US 250 US 610, we explained why the Court put so much premium on this freedom: “When men have realized that time has upset many fighting faiths, they may come to believe, more than they believe the very foundations of their own conduct, that the ultimate good desired is better reached by…

  • Customer Service Training Program

    The business was not expanded to include fruit and vegetable seeds until 1837, when the business gained new premises and had grown, with Mr. Sutton taking in both of his sons into the business and the sons convincing their father that fruit and vegetable seeds were the way to grow the business. Both father and sons wished the reputation of being the best in the business, and soon were supplying seed far and wide. The business expanded again in 1836 when Sutton’s son Martin Hope purchased nursery grounds as well as a greenhouse, and in 1838 began to sell greenhouse plants along with the fruit and vegetable seeds that had…

  • Business and Corporate Law St Ronans Ales Ltd

    ns 171-188 of the Companies Act 2006 expands the duty even further requiring that directors act in a manner calculated to promote the company’s success and to take account of the effect that their decisions have on all stakeholders including the community and the environment.4The company directors’ decision to borrow 100,000 pounds against the assets of the company is negligent and a breach of the directors’ statutory duties pursuant to Sections 171-188 of the Companies Act 2006. It is a firmly established tenet of company law that directors in the course of exercising their duties are held to a specific standard. The standard is compared to the care and conduct…

  • Application of the Hague Visby Rules

    It is seen in the EU context that different countries have different rules governing carriage by sea and therefore it had become necessary to have a set of rules that could be applied uniformly for all countries. The Hague and the Hague/Visby rules are designed to serve this purpose. Moreover, law and contractual obligations to each other bind trade partners, and therefore, all trading have to be done within the ambit of such contractual obligations. In case of any transactions coming outside the scope of trading agreements, this needs to be ratified by the respective partners, otherwise, the implications of litigations cannot be ruled out.. In the normal course, it…

  • Effects of the Model Minority on Asian Americans

    The American government did not exactly stop China from controlling Chinese Americans in the U.S. did not protect Chinese Americans in Americans soil because it continued to see the latter as suspected illegal aliens, even after World War II. Furthermore, the U.S. government did not take positive actions to create equal conditions for Chinese Americans. It practised racial profiling as a means of cleansing the U.S. of suspected communist Chinese Americans. This statement, “Chinese in the United States were subjected to a highly institutionalized structure of dual domination?” means that Chinese Americans had two lords in the U.S. – the U.S. government and the Chinese government. Both governments subjected Chinese…